The International Energy Agency's periodic review of France's energy policies and programmes. This 2009 edition finds that the energy policy of France seeks to achieve a balance between the environmentally responsible production and use of energy, the growth and competitiveness of the economy, and secure and competitively priced energy and infrastructure.
To meet these objectives, the French government in 2007 launched an impressive environmental programme, Grenelle de l’Environnement, which sets ambitious targets, particularly in the buildings and transport sectors. The government has also made commendable efforts in enhancing gas supply security and forwarding initiatives to expand infrastructure and interconnections with neighbouring countries. These efforts should make regional electricity and gas markets more stable and secure. In the nuclear power sector, France has created an independent Nuclear Safety Authority and established a comprehensive framework for managing all kinds of radioactive waste and materials.
Notwithstanding its policy successes, France faces a number of challenges. Its targets aimed at combating climate change are very ambitious. While greenhouse gas emissions in France are lower than the average among IEA countries due to the important role in electricity generation of nuclear power, emissions in the transport and buildings sectors increased from 1990 to 2008. Effective implementation of the announced policies and measures will be imperative for meeting France’s international and national commitments. In the electricity sector, the co-existence of regulated tariffs and market prices may impede mobilising the investment needed for maintenance and life extensions of nuclear power plants. The country also needs to boost the flexibility of electricity networks in order to achieve a structural balance between base load generation and increasing demand for peak-load.
This review analyses the energy challenges facing France and provides sectoral critiques and recommendations for further policy improvements.
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Since the onset of the global crisis, unemployment rate in France increased by 2.1 percentage points between December 2007 and May 2010, a milder increase compared to the OECD average (2.8 percentage points).
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This report is the French national report for the OECD-project “ICT in initial teacher training”. The OECD study compares 10 countries, and is a project strand within the OECD/CERI project New Millennium Learners.
This book sheds light on the use of tax expenditures, mainly through a study of ten OECD countries: Canada, France, Germany, Japan, Korea, Netherlands, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. It highlights key trends and successful practices.
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A study of water (irrigation) pricing in France, Greece, Italy, Portugal, Spain and Mexico, a background report to the book Sustainable Management of Water Resources in Agriculture (OECD, 2010).
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This note is taken from Chapter 3 of Economic Policy Reforms: Going for Growth 2010.
This country note, extracted from the STI Scoreboard 2009, explores recent developments in matters relating to innovation, science, technology and globalisation in France.
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This country note, based on the new biennial publication Government at a glance, provides indicators describing key elements underlying government structure and performance of France, from the perspective of revenues, expenditures and employment.
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This 2009 edition of Education at a Glance includes first results from TALIS, a survey on teacher practices, new analysis of the social benefits of education, new information on long-term unemployment and involuntary part-time work among young adults, and new data on the benefits of education.
OECD has launched a series of reports in 16 countries including France. Each report contains a survey of the main barriers to employment for young people, an assessment of the adequacy and effectiveness of existing measures to improve the transition from school to work.