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This report sets out the challenge for freshwater in a changing climate and provides guidance on how to navigate this new “waterscape”. It highlights trends and practices drawn from the OECD Survey of Policies on Water and Climate Change Adaptation covering all 34 member countries and the EC. Each country profiles provide a snapshot of the challenges posed by climate change for freshwater and the emerging policy responses.
France’s Official Development Assistance (ODA) was USD 12.1 billion in 2012, making it the 4th largest member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee in terms of the volume of aid. However, this represents 0.46% of French Gross National Income (GNI) – below France’s international commitment. The review recommends that France plan to reach the 0.7% ODA/GNI ratio as soon as possible.
France’s Official Development Assistance was USD 12.1 billion in 2012, making it the 4th largest member of the OECD’s Development Assistance Committee in terms of the volume of aid.
Education at a Glance 2013 - Country notes and key fact tables
These country notes present the recent changes in migration policies as well as a table showing the most recent statistics on migration flows and on the results of the immigrants in the labour market.
- International Migration Outlook 2013
Cities can generate growth and jobs while becoming greener – this is the message of the OECD’s new Green Growth in Cities report. Drawing on case studies of Paris, Chicago, Kitakyushu and Stockholm, the report identifies green policies that can respond to urban growth priorities and suggests how to implement and finance them.
This crisis should allow us to move to a new order in which emerging economies and developing countries have more say; from a world of environmental degradation to one that embraces resource sustainability; from a deregulatory logic to a trustable financial governance that brings banks back to their original purpose of serving society, said Mr. Gurría.
The economic situation of young people is unsatisfactory. Educational inequalities have been widening for over a decade, due to a sharp decline in the results of the most highly disadvantaged students. The unemployment rate for the 20-24 age bracket has not dropped below 16% for nearly 30 years.
The Co-operative Research Programme (CRP)'s Call for Applications for conference sponsorship and research fellowships for 2015 has closed. The CRP supports work on sustainable use of natural resources in agriculture, forests, fisheries and food production.
Taxes and cash transfers reduce income inequality more in France than elsewhere in the OECD, because of the large size of the flows involved. But the system is complex overall. Its effectiveness could be enhanced in many ways, for example so as to achieve the same amount of redistribution at lower cost.