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The digital revolution, globalisation and demographic changes are transforming labour markets at a time when policy makers are also struggling with slow productivity and wage growth and high levels of income inequality. The new OECD Jobs Strategy provides a comprehensive framework and policy recommendations to help countries address these challenges
Technology never stands still. Changing circumstances and human ingenuity ensure that we constantly find new and better ways to do things. Innovation and technological progress are essential for improving well-being and making our economic systems more sustainable and inclusive.
The Fiscal Network is an inspiring example of horizontal collaboration between the Centre for Tax Policy and Administration (CTP), the Economics Department (ECO), the Public Governance Directorate (GOV) and the Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs, Regions and Cities (CFE) – as well as their respective committees (CFA, EPC, PGC and RDPC).
Corruption remains one of the most pressing challenges of our time. It promotes mistrust in governments, public institutions, banks, corporations, politicians, political parties, democracies, you name it. It corrodes our social fabric. To provide a stark example, a 2017 survey, highlights that only 15% of citizens felt the system was working for them, and 69% expressed concerns about ‘corruption’.
Sustainable economic and social development are central to peace, and to the prosperity of current and future generations. The landmark UN agreements on the 2030 Agenda and its Sustainable Development Goals, and the Paris Climate Agreement provide us with aspirational frameworks to work towards these goals, but we still have a long way to go to deliver on the promise of leaving no one behind.
The rising tide of protectionist measures, which we are witnessing, is harmful and costly. Recent OECD data has estimated that each dollar of new tariffs costs global households 40 cents, while each dollar of tariff reduction adds 90 cents to global household incomes.
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Resistance proportions for eight antibiotic-bacterium pairs in France have increased in recent years, from 13% in 2005 to 16% in 2015, and could go up to 17% by 2030, should current trends in antibiotic consumption, population and economic growth continue into the future. Resistance proportions in France were lower than the OECD average in 2015 (17%).
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Country page from the Regions and Cities at Glance 2018 publication (France)