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Les disparités régionales en matière de chômage sont plus élevées en Europe qu'aux Etats-Unis et ont augmenté depuis le début de la crise. Le rôle d’équilibre de la migration face aux chocs asymétriques du marché du travail est donc particulièrement important au sein de la zone euro, en l’absence de mécanisme de taux de change. Ce document compare les mouvements migratoires avant et après la crise en Europe et aux États-Unis.
In Europe, the two most pressing structural policy priorities that must be addressed are the challenge of unemployment and the restoration the health of euro area banks, said OECD Secretary-General in Brussels.
Vast amounts of money are kept off-shore and go untaxed. The more we do to combat tax fraud and evasion, the more resources we will have to finance growth-enhancing public investment, restore the health of public finances, and put the euro area economy back on a sustained and long-term recovery, said OECD Secretary-General.
Secretary-General Angel Gurría addressed OECD Ambassadors and others at the Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony held at the OECD on 10 December.
The euro area crisis finds its roots in the credit booms seen in many countries following the introduction of the euro in 1999. Easy credit led to strong growth in a range of sectors, notably housing, as well as higher levels of public spending. Inflation in these over-heating economies was higher than the euro area as a whole. Rising prices led to rising costs and a loss of international competitiveness.
Les rapports font l’analyse des questions clés qui sont nécessaires pour dégager le cadre de référence futur pour une bonne gestion de la politique et des réformes de réglementation.
by Charles Jenkins, Writer, Commentator and former Director of Western Europe Country Analysis, Economist Intelligence Unit, London. The EU’s crisis has as much to do with leadership and solidarity as resolving fiscal and debt problems. It is time to dispense with caricatures and write the next chapter in the EU’s ongoing history. And for that, clear and transparent data will be needed.
OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría offers his congratulations and well wishes to representatives of the European Union on receiving the Nobel Peace Prize for 2012.
Secretary-General Angel Gurría outlines the crucial actions that we must take to resolve the euro crisis, strengthen the global financial system and anchor growth in the long-term through structural reform at the 30th anniversary of the International Institute of Finance in Tokyo.
OECD Secretary-General stresses the need to keep on working on structural reforms and to address inequality and rebuild trust at the OECD Debate at the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.