Productivity growth in the Turkish agricultural sector is supported today by better technologies, crop varieties and animal breeds. Yet improvements have slowed since the late 2000s, and the productivity gap between agriculture and the rest of the economy remains large. To overcome these challenges, Turkey will need to reduce the substantial technological and human resource disparities between small-holder and commercial segments in agriculture, and ensure more equal regional development. Considerable structural adjustment is also required, both within agriculture and in the overall economy, supported by broad policy actions in the areas of labour, education, social security systems, and land reform. Important efforts have been made to boost national innovation systems, but there remains considerable catch up in terms of the quality and impact of R&D.
La croissance économique a fait preuve d’une vigueur remarquable compte tenu des circonstances très défavorables des deux dernières années, au nombre desquelles on peut citer quatre élections nationales, des guerres à la frontière sud du pays, des tensions intérieures graves dans les régions orientales, des restrictions commerciales avec la Russie et l’afflux de millions de réfugiés.
The Secretary-General presented the 2016 OECD Economic Survey of Turkey and visited the refugee camp of Nizip. Mr. Gurría also held meetings with Turkish high officials and representatives of local businesses.
GDP growth has been resilient in Turkey in recent years despite many global and regional headwinds. Annual growth averaged 4.4% in the last four years. Compared to before the global crisis (to 2007) real GDP is 33% higher and 6.4 million net new jobs have been created. This comfortably puts Turkey near the top of the class in terms of post-crisis performance amongst OECD countries.
L’économie de la Turquie fait preuve d’une capacité de résistance remarquable face à un contexte économique mondial difficile. Toutefois, d’autres mesures pourraient être prises pour gagner en productivité et accélérer la transition vers une trajectoire de croissance plus équilibrée, plus durable et plus solide, qui permettra de relever les niveaux de vie dans l’ensemble de la population.
This database provides information on environmentally related taxes, fees and charges, tradable permit systems, deposit refund systems, environmentally motivated subsidies and voluntary approaches used in environmental policy in OECD member countries and a number of other countries. Developed in co-operation between the OECD and the European Environment Agency.
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While the employment rate in Turkey has been catching up with the OECD average, a substantial gap remains: in the last quarter of 2015 the employment rate in Turkey reached 47.8% – more than 12 percentage points below the OECD average (60.2%). The employment rate is projected to rise further through 2017, driven by rising employment among women.
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SMEs are a key part of Turkey’s economy. The value-added created by SMEs increased by around 6% in the post-crisis period and employment in SMEs grew by around 9%. Turkey has enacted reforms to its company registration and insolvency procedures, which were costly and complex compared to other OECD countries. The effectiveness of these measures should be evaluated and further steps taken if necessary to stimulate business development.
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The dynamism of Turkey’s business sector played a vital role in the country’s economic growth in the 2000s. However, because of competition-unfriendly product market regulations markets have not reaped the full benefits of this dynamism. Turkish authorities can help unlock growth potential by reviewing regulations and identifying where malfunctions are occurring.
Turkey, an OECD member country, has endured several attacks in recent times. Each of these deeds is an offense to our collective freedoms, values and way of living. We categorically condemn these terrible acts.