OECD Global Forum on Agriculture 2010
Policies for Agricultural Development, Poverty Reduction and Food Security
OECD Conference Centre, Paris, 29-30 November 2010
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Over a billion people in the world live on less than a dollar a day and a similar number suffer from hunger and undernourishment. Most are chronically hungry, chiefly because they are poor.
The OECD Global Forum on Agriculture 2010 was concerned with identifying ways in which governments can accelerate agricultural development and tackle the twin problems of poverty and food insecurity. Drawing on recent analytical work, primarily from the OECD, the 2010 Forum provided insights on common factors that explain the successes of some countries and faltering progress of others, and discerned key ingredients of the necessary policy mix.
It also provided an opportunity to discuss the specific role to be played by agricultural policy instruments, and how those instruments should be combined with other non-agricultural policies.
Monday, 29 November
Welcome and introductory remarks
Session 1: Policy Challenges
This session considered the potential role for agricultural policy in promoting poverty reduction, food security and economic development. It will situate agricultural policy in the overall mix of government policies that can facilitate progress on MDG1, providing a roadmap for the meeting.
1.1. Presentation: Jonathan Brooks (OECD) - Principles for effective agricultural policies design - PPT- Brief- Paper 1 - Paper 2.
Session 2: Agriculture's Role in Poverty Reduction
An enduring question is the relative contributions of agricultural and non-agricultural growth for poverty reduction in developing countries. This session presented both a general overview of the evolving debate among economists and policy makers as well as empirical findings obtained in case study analysis.
2.1. Presentation: Luc Christiaensen (UN University-Wider) - The role of agricultural development in poverty reduction - PPT - Brief - Paper.
Optional luncheon presentation (Room E, Château): Kunio Tsubota - Major findings from the APO Agricultural Policy Study based on the application of the PSE methodology - PPT.
Methodological issues - Sunitha Raju - PPT.
2.2. Presentation: Joe Dewbre (OECD) - Economic importance of agriculture poverty reduction: Indonesia and Vietnam - PPT- Brief - Paper 1 - Paper 2.
- Richard Barichello (Food and Resource Economic Group, University of British Columbia, Canada)
2.2. Presentation: Xinshen Diao (IFPRI) - The role of agriculture for poverty reduction in Ethiopia and Ghana: forward looking scenarios - to be presented by Alemayehu Seyoum Taffesse (IFPRI) - Ghana and Ethiopia - PPT - Brief - Paper 1 - Paper 2.
2.3. Presentation: Ed Taylor (University of California, Davis, USA) - Income distribution and poverty impacts of alternative agricultural policies: results from the Development Policy Evaluation Model (DEVPEM) - Erik Jonasson, Mateusz Filipski - PPT- Brief- Paper.
Tuesday, 30 November
Session 3: Choice of Policy Tools to Promote Agricultural Development
This session looked at issues related to the choice and use of specific agricultural policy instruments, and their potential roles within the overall policy mix. This will involve evaluating whether public expenditures are allocated appropriately, and whether individual policies are coherent and cost-effective.
3.1. Presentation: Joanna Komorowska (OECD) - Government expenditures in support of food and agriculture sector development - The case of Uganda. - PPT - Brief - Paper.
Yemi Akinbamijo (African Union Commission) - Africa Union Statement at Global Agriculture Forum - PPT - Paper.
3.2. Presentation: Julian Alston (University of California, Davis, USA) - Agricultural research, innovation, productivity, and poverty - PPT - Brief.
3.3. Presentation: Philip Abbott (Purdue University, USA) - Stabilization policy in developing countries after the 2007-08 food crisis - PPT - Brief - Paper.
3.4. Presentation: Steve Wiggins (Overseas Development Institute, UK) and Jonathan Brooks (OECD) - Input Subsidies in Developing Countries - PPT- Brief - Paper.
Session 4: Conclusions and Implications for Future Work
This panel discussion will draw together policy implications from the preceding sessions, from the overall framework conditions for effective policy decisions to reduce poverty and improve food security.
- Phillip Glyde (Executive Director of ABARE-BRS and Deputy Secretary, Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry, Australia)
- Tahlim Sudaryanto (Assistant Minister for International Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, the Republic of Indonesia)
- Hafez Ghanem (Assistant Director-General for FAO's Economic and Social Development Department)
- Stefan Schmitz (Head of Division, Rural Development and Global Food Security, Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, Germany)
- Christopher Delgado (Strategy and Policy Advisor, World Bank; Program Manager of Global Agricultural and Food Security Program, GAFSP)
About the OECD Global Forum on Agriculture
The agricultural sector remains of primary importance for many non-OECD economies therefore the aim of the Global Forum on Agriculture is to foster an informed dialogue between OECD member and non-member economies on agricultural policies issues. This dialogue is based on regular monitoring and analysis to evaluate and strengthen the process of policy reform and trade liberalisation through forward-looking analysis, and addresses emerging agricultural policy issues.
Themes for the Global Forum on Agriculture have revolved around the linkages between domestic policy reform, trade liberalisation, economic growth and poverty reduction, but the focus has been on agricultural policy.
The issue of policy coherence for development has been addressed, in particular the kinds of policy reforms required in both developed and developing countries to enhance global agricultural trade and to reduce poverty and alleviate hunger. The Forum usually takes a global view and analytical work is examined with respect to the “real world” needs of policy makers.
Participants include official representatives from OECD members and selected non-members. Invitations are also extended to other organisations with which OECD has formal links, including other international organisations, business associations, trade unions and NGOs co-operating with the OECD, and also to a small number of experts providing invited contributions.