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A focus on reducing market price support is the key to effective agricultural policy reform, says this study of farm reforms in the United States, European Union, Canada, Japan, Korea, Mexico and Switzerland.
U.S. agricultural policy reform should continue its recent shift towards less distortion of production and trade, notably with market-based approaches for support programmes and agricultural risk management, according to this study of reforms since 1985.
Ces articles considèrent les réformes récentes de la Politique Agricole Commune (PAC) en prenant en considération le régime de paiement unique, ainsi que les quotas et la restructuration dans les secteurs sucrier et laitier. (En anglais)
Farm risk management in Canada is overcrowded with policies and unable to signal layers of risk that farmers should manage themselves. Canada should better define its risk programmes: income stabilization payments should focus on a middle range of risk, while farmers manage normal business risk.
Dutch agricultural risk management should develop an ex ante policy framework for assistance in catastrophic events such as livestock epidemics and climatic disasters, as well as a longer-term strategy on insurance.
Farm risk management policy in New Zealand centres on natural disaster assistance and preventing pest and disease incursions. New Zealand should strengthen a 'multi-activity enterprise' view of farming, reduce uncertainty about future environmental regulations and improve knowledge on risks.
Spain's agricultural insurance system must evolve to allow more competition, differentiate marketable and catastrophic risks and reduce subsidies for marketable lines. Spain should also develop a framework for catastrophic risk and facilitate a wider choice of risk management tools for farmers.
Australia should improve governance of its drought policy, consider developing an insurance market for drought risk and help farmers adapt to climate change, says this review of agricultural risk management in the country. (OECD Food, Agriculture and Fisheries Working Paper No. 39)
Ce rapport propose une méthode pour exprimer les indicateurs de soutien de l'OCDE en termes réels et établit des parités de pouvoir d'achat pour une large gamme de produits afin de comparer l'évolution des volumes produits et des prix à un niveau agrégé.
Fair trade, animal welfare, biodiversity and genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are complex and controversial issues relating to food and agriculture. In this collection of papers, international experts share experiences and discuss policies to deal with these issues.