Aid for Trade has the potential to boost economic growth in developing countries. However, while most trade reforms have been successful, some proved unsustainable and others had little impact on growth. This paper shows the reasons why and the lessons learned.
This book provides a series of standards regarding the quality, sizing, presentation, and marking of peaches and nectarines in international trade. It comprises explanatory notes and illustrations to facilitate the common interpretation of the standard in force and is is published within the framework of the Scheme for the Application of International Standards for Fruit and Vegetables established by OECD in 1962. This edition illustrates the revised standard text and new trends in international trade; updates the quality requirements for peaches and defines the quality parameters for nectarines. It therefore is a valuable tool for the inspection authorities, professional bodies and traders interested in the international trade in peaches and nectarines.
A report on how growth in demand for agricultural products has evolved in developing and emerging economies, notably Brazil, Russia, India, Indonesia and China (the so-called BRIIC countries).
En 2009, le soutien accordé aux producteurs des pays de l’OCDE, représentait 22 % de l’ensemble des recettes agricoles brutes (ESP en %). Cela représente une légère hausse par rapport aux 21 % enregistrés en 2008, et un retour au niveau de 2007.
Cost-benefit analysis can help identify least-cost solutions of non-tariff measures (NTMs) designed to ensure that imported products meet domestic requirements, says this report featuring three case studies from the agri-food sector.
Israel’s agriculture is unique amongst developed countries in that land and water resources are nearly all state-owned and that agricultural production is dominated by co-operative communities. Israel is a world leader in agricultural technology, particularly in farming in arid conditions. This Review measures support provided to Israeli agriculture and evaluates the effectiveness of current agricultural policy measures. Israel has made progress in removing policies that distort trade, and resource allocation and support to agriculture is lower than the OECD average. However, the government still plays an important role. The report suggests further agricultural policy reforms to reduce costs for consumers and taxpayers and to improve the efficiency of current policy measures.
A special focus of the report is the environmental performance of Israeli agriculture. This is already an issue with scarce land and water resources, accentuated by the overarching issue of climate change. The Review examines agriculture’s performance with respect to water resources and pollution, soils, biodiversity, air emissions and climate change. It concludes that strengthening policy coherence, especially in improving the management of water resources in agriculture, is important.
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A background note on risk management in agriculture, prepared for the OECD Agriculture Ministerial Meeting in 2010.
This study analyses the extent to which e-commerce provisions in existing regional trade agreements (RTAs) can be multilateralised, and proposes two broad approaches for doing so.
Financial market speculation did not cause the price bubble in agricultural futures markets in 2007-08, according to this preliminary study on the impact of index and swap fund participation in these commodity futures markets.
While agriculture is a significant contributor to greenhouse gas emissions, it is also a source of carbon storage in soils. Farmers will have to adapt to the impacts of climate change on the agricultural sector. This report considers how to design policies that address these issues.