La recherche agricole fait face à des problèmes nouveaux, de la sécurité alimentaire aux préoccupations écologiques, à l'exploitation des terres. Ce regroupement de documents examine les progrès récents ainsi que les obstacles futurs pour la recherche agricole. (En anglais)
A 50% reduction of trade barriers by G20 economies, complemented by active labour and adjustment policies, could generate more jobs, higher real wages and increased exports, according to new OECD analysis. (OECD Trade Policy Working Paper no. 107)
Meeting of experts to discuss audiovisual services in the areas of production, distribution and projection of motion pictures; broadcasting services; and sound recordings.
Many fish stocks need rebuilding, but economic and social factors are also important for sustainable fisheries. This paper discusses the important distinction between rebuilding stocks and rebuilding fisheries, and the use of bioeconomic modelling for developing rebuilding strategies.
Climate change is becoming more evident and, as it increases, will alter the productivity of fisheries and the distribution of fish stocks. From an economic point of view, the changes will have impacts on fisheries and coastal communities in different ways. These expected changes require adaptable and flexible fisheries and aquaculture management policies and governance frameworks. However, the forms of future climate change and the extent of its impact remain uncertain. Fisheries policy makers therefore need to develop strategies and decision-making models in order to adapt to climate change under such uncertainty while taking into account social and economic consequences.
While most work on climate change in the fisheries sector has focused on fisheries science, this book highlights the economic and policy aspects of adapting fisheries to climate change. An outcome of the OECD Workshop on the Economics of Adapting Fisheries to Climate Change, held in June 2010, the book outlines the actions that fisheries policy makers must undertake in the face of climate change. These include: strengthening the global governance system; a broader use of rights-based management systems; ecosystem protection; industry transformation through the ending of environmental harmful subsidies and a focus on demand for sustainably caught seafood; and, in particular, using aquaculture as a key part of the response to climate change.
Surging food and commodity prices are undermining efforts to tackle global poverty and hunger and threaten economic growth, said OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría.
What should policy makers do to address climate change? This working paper looks at approaches to managing fisheries, so that the sector can adapt to changing conditions.
Ce rapport propose une méthode pour exprimer les indicateurs de soutien de l'OCDE en termes réels et établit des parités de pouvoir d'achat pour une large gamme de produits afin de comparer l'évolution des volumes produits et des prix à un niveau agrégé.
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Information on the OECD Codes and Schemes for certification and standardisation of seeds, tractors, fruit and vegetables and forest reproductive material, marking 50 years of the schemes and of the OECD.
Fair trade, animal welfare, biodiversity and genetically modified organisms (GMOs) are complex and controversial issues relating to food and agriculture. In this collection of papers, international experts share experiences and discuss policies to deal with these issues.