Access to international trade in intermediate inputs boosts innovation and productivity for domestic firms, according to this study. However, these dynamic gains from trade depend on complementary policies such as access to finance, access to skilled labour and macroeconomic stability.
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Members have updated their responses to the 2006 Survey on measures taken to combat bribery in officially supported export credits.
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Les membres ont mis à jour leurs réponses à l'enquête de 2006 sur les mesures prises pour combattre la corruption dans les crédits à l'exportation bénéficiant d'un soutien public.
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Barriers to trade in services block benefits for firms and consumers, and impede the international exchange of ideas, know-how and technology. The OECD Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI) gives policy makers the means to open up the international services trade.
Trade can be impeded by inefficient transport infrastructure, border procedures or information flows. Better logistics services reduce trade costs for businesses and improve the competitiveness of a country's exports, according to this study. (OECD Trade Policy Working Paper No. 108)
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Businesses and policymakers are concerned by recent trends in export restrictions on strategic raw materials like rare earths, metals and food commodities. OECD is working to bring more transparency and discipline to the use of these restrictions.
U.S. agricultural policy reform should continue its recent shift towards less distortion of production and trade, notably with market-based approaches for support programmes and agricultural risk management, according to this study of reforms since 1985.
Fisheries reform is driven by economic forces, not environmental crisis. Policy makers must involve all stakeholders in supporting and sustaining reforms, as seen in these case studies of Iceland, Korea, Mexico, Norway and New Zealand.