Latest Documents


  • 5-octobre-2011

    Français

    Évaluation des réformes des politiques agricoles de l’Union européenne

    Ce rapport comprend un panorama des évolutions récentes et à plus long terme intervenues dans la Politique agricole commune (PAC), tant en ce qui concerne le volume que la nature du soutien. Le rapport analyse l’impact des réformes successives, au niveau global et pour les exploitants.

  • 4-octobre-2011

    Français

    L’OCDE et l’AIE recommandent de réformer des subventions aux combustibles fossiles pour améliorer l’état de l’économie et de l’environnement

    États et contribuables ont dépensé environ 500 milliards de dollars l’an dernier pour soutenir la production et la consommation de combustibles fossiles. La suppression des subventions inefficaces augmenterait les revenus nationaux et réduirait les émissions de gaz à effet de serre, selon l’OCDE et l’AIE.

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  • 28-September-2011

    English

    Smart Rules for Fair Trade - 50 years of Export Credits

    On the 50th anniversary of the OECD, we examine the unique work the organisation performs in regulating and rationalising governments’ use of export credits in support of exports, jobs, economic growth and national interests more broadly. This work is part of a global post war effort to emphasise multilateral co operation and sound economic policies to promote co operation, efficiency and prosperity rather than destructive competition, controversy and conflict.

    OECD export credits work is one of the basic building blocks of the ever growing structure of global trade agreements that aim to maintain open and efficient markets. The objective is to eliminate subsidies and unfair practices in the economic competition that forms the foundation of a healthy and dynamic global economy. The elimination of official financing subsidies in global trade is only a part of the broader trade policy agenda, but it is a vital part, and has been delegated to the OECD by the WTO. Since financing is the life blood of trade flows, specialised OECD housed work allows trade to flow efficiently for aircraft and other capital goods while other trade policy work and litigation continue at the WTO.

    The export credits work at the OECD is described in this collection of essays. However it is about much more than the series of agreements described herein. It is more fundamentally about the governments and their people - policy makers and experts - who gather at the OECD to build collectively a system of export credits disciplines that is fair, transparent, adaptable and effective. It is therefore as much about people and ideas as anything else. The export credit secretariat pictured above represents only the latest in a long line of OECD staff committed to facilitate and advise this work.

    The OECD’s motto on its 50th anniversary is “Better Policies for Better Lives.” This reminds us that in the end, it is policies that are at the centre of human well being. And export credits work is about promoting these better policies by developing “smart rules” that open markets and maintain a level playing field and by bringing people and governments together to this end.

  • 28-septembre-2011

    Français

    50 ans de crédits à l’exportation : La règlementation au service d’un commerce loyal (sept. 2011)

    OECD export credits work is one of the basic building blocks of the ever growing structure of global trade agreements that aim to maintain open and efficient markets.

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  • 21-septembre-2011

    Français

    Agriculture : Le soutien à l’agriculture n’a jamais été aussi bas, selon l’OCDE

    Le soutien public à l’agriculture est tombé à 18 % des recettes agricoles totales en 2010 dans la zone OCDE - un niveau sans précédent lié aux prix élevés des matières premières - mais il s'est accru dans les grandes économies émergentes, selon un nouveau rapport de L'OCDE.

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  • 21-septembre-2011

    Français

    Évaluation des réformes de la politique agricole en Turquie

    La Turquie pourrait améliorer sa compétitivité en redoublant d’efforts pour découpler le soutien à l’agriculture de la production tout en poursuivant les réformes institutionnelles. Ces réformes permettront à la Turquie de mieux se préparer à une intégration future dans l’Union européenne.

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  • 21-septembre-2011

    Français

    Politiques agricoles: suivi et évaluation 2011 - Pays de l'OCDE et économies émergentes

    Après une augmentation en 2009, le soutien a baissé de nouveau en 2010 dans la zone de l’OCDE, ce qui confirme la tendance à la baisse du soutien aux agriculteurs.

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  • 12-September-2011

    English

    Trade Facilitation Indicators: The Impact on Trade Costs

    Advance rulings, formalities and procedures, information availability and inter-agency cooperation are the policy areas with the greatest impact on trade volumes and trade costs, according to OECD trade facilitation indicators studied in this report.

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  • 29-August-2011

    English

    The Trade Effects of Phasing Out Fossil-Fuel Consumption Subsidies

    A co-ordinated multilateral removal of fossil-fuel consumption subsidies over the 2013-2020 period would increase global trade volumes by 0.1% by 2020, according to this report.

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  • 16-August-2011

    English

    Agricultural Progress and Poverty Reduction: Synthesis Report

    Is agriculture more important than other sources of earned income in reducing poverty? Which government policy actions have contributed most? This study compares socio-economic characteristics of twenty-five countries that have made exceptional progress in reducing poverty.

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