Latest Documents


  • 24-October-2011

    English

    Employment and the Political Economy of Trade: A Structured Review of the Literature

    This paper reviews the main schools of thought on the political economy of trade and employment - in particular, the potential costs of liberalisation and the manner that concerns about these costs may inhibit countries' willingness to open markets.

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  • 20-October-2011

    English

    Globalisation, Comparative Advantage and the Changing Dynamics of Trade

    The effects of globalisation have been at the forefront of public debate in recent years, fuelled on the one hand by the large benefits of integrated markets, and on the other hand, by the detrimental adjustment effects often experienced by many economies as a result.  Knowing how trade has been evolving over time and the role policy has played in this evolution are critical to understanding the globalisation debate and grasping

  • 19-October-2011

    English

    Wage Implications of Trade Liberalisation: Evidence for Effective Policy Formation

    Imports tend to bring wages up for skilled workers rather than push wages down, according to this study of the relationship between wages and trade in 55 countries and 40 industries. This positive effect is evidence of the increased productivity of firms who import inputs.

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  • 12-October-2011

    English

    To What Extent Do Exchange Rates and their Volatility Affect Trade?

    Exchange rate levels affect trade flows in agriculture and in the manufacturing and mining sector in China, the Euro area and the United States, though they do not explain in their entirety the trade imbalances in these three economies, this paper finds.

  • 6-October-2011

    English

    Comparative Advantage and Trade Performance: Policy Implications

    Physical and human capital (especially second- and third-level education), financial development and some aspects of labour market institutions are important policy and institutional areas that determine comparative advantage today, according to this paper.

  • 5-octobre-2011

    Français

    Évaluation des réformes des politiques agricoles de l'Union européenne

    Ce rapport présente la structure et les principales caractéristiques de la Politique agricole commune (PAC) en cours et fait le point des réformes successives de ces 25 dernières années, dans un environnement en constante évolution à l’intérieur comme à l’extérieur de l’Union européenne. Il analyse les conséquences des changements de politiques sur la production, les échanges, l’utilisation des terres, la structure des

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  • 5-octobre-2011

    Français

    Évaluation des réformes des politiques agricoles de l’Union européenne

    Ce rapport comprend un panorama des évolutions récentes et à plus long terme intervenues dans la Politique agricole commune (PAC), tant en ce qui concerne le volume que la nature du soutien. Le rapport analyse l’impact des réformes successives, au niveau global et pour les exploitants.

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  • 4-octobre-2011

    Français

    L’OCDE et l’AIE recommandent de réformer des subventions aux combustibles fossiles pour améliorer l’état de l’économie et de l’environnement

    États et contribuables ont dépensé environ 500 milliards de dollars l’an dernier pour soutenir la production et la consommation de combustibles fossiles. La suppression des subventions inefficaces augmenterait les revenus nationaux et réduirait les émissions de gaz à effet de serre, selon l’OCDE et l’AIE.

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  • 28-September-2011

    English

    Smart Rules for Fair Trade - 50 years of Export Credits

    On the 50th anniversary of the OECD, we examine the unique work the organisation performs in regulating and rationalising governments’ use of export credits in support of exports, jobs, economic growth and national interests more broadly. This work is part of a global post war effort to emphasise multilateral co operation and sound economic policies to promote co operation, efficiency and prosperity rather than destructive

  • 28-septembre-2011

    Français

    50 ans de crédits à l’exportation : La règlementation au service d’un commerce loyal (sept. 2011)

    OECD export credits work is one of the basic building blocks of the ever growing structure of global trade agreements that aim to maintain open and efficient markets.

    Also Available
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