Ce rapport examine les tendances récentes en matière de systèmes d'innovation agricole (SIA) et étudie l'impact d'un large éventail de politiques relatives à la création et à la diffusion de l'innovation dans le secteur agricole et agroalimentaire. Il suggère un cadre pour l'analyse du rôle des pouvoirs publics dans la promotion de l'innovation, dans le but d'aider à identifier les mesures concrètes qu'ils pourraient prendre pour améliorer la croissance de la productivité, l'utilisation durable des ressources et la résilience aux futures évolutions du marché des systèmes agricoles et agroalimentaires nationaux et mondiaux.
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Ce partenariat, s’il se concrétise, serait le plus important accord de libre-échangejamais conclu au plan bilatéral, couvrant approximativement 50 % de la production mondiale, près de 30 % des échanges mondiaux de marchandises et 20 % de l’investissement direct étranger mondial.
Eliminating global hunger is more about raising the incomes of the poor than an issue of food prices. This study considers how changes to the world’s food and agriculture system can contribute to improvements in food security in developing countries, and the policy recommendations proposed seek to improve the coherence of OECD countries’ policies and contribute to multilateral initiatives towards global food security.
What role can governments play in agricultural innovation? This report reviews recent trends in agricultural innovation systems (AIS) and looks at how governments can contribute to agricultural productivity and sustainability by fostering innovation in the agri-food sector.
Read and download for free this OECD series of papers with data, analysis and policy recommendations on food, agriculture and fisheries issues. Feel free to forward and share these papers.
How do small farms in developing countries manage risk? This paper assesses farm-level agricultural risk management strategies in Brazil, China and Viet Nam. Farmers in developing countries often rely on community strategies such as crop sharing, or deplete their assets and so perpetuate poverty. Policies to promote investment, such as access to credit and insurance, can help smallholders move out of poverty or into the non-farm sector.
Global agricultural production is expected to grow 1.5% a year on average over the coming decade, compared with annual growth of 2.1% between 2003 and 2012, according to the latest OECD-FAO agricultural market projections for production, consumption, trade, stocks and prices of featured commodities.
Large farm size, low age profile, high educational level and use of financial leverage are factors in high economic performance of farms, according to this analysis of data from nine OECD countries and regions. The analysis shows significant differences in farm economic performances within countries as well as across countries.
The potential multilateralisation of government procurement commitments in regional trade agreements (RTAs) presents many issues and challenges. To what extent do RTAs go beyond the 2012 revised Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), and how do they differ among trading partners? This report surveys 47 RTAs in force with government procurement provisions where an OECD member is a party.
The costs to implement and maintain trade facilitation measures are not large and far smaller than the benefits gained from implementing these measures, according to this study. Moreover, an increasing amount of technical and financial assistance to implement these measures has been made available to developing countries over the last decade.