Collective action is key to improving the agricultural environment given its effectiveness in dealing with agri-environmental externalities that are beyond the capacity of the individual farmer to manage. This study provides an extensive literature review and analyses 25 case studies from 13 OECD countries to examine how policies could and should be used to promote collective action.
Evidence for the agricultural sectors of OECD countries from 1990 to 2010 shows improvements have been made in nutrient, pesticide, energy and water management, using less of these inputs per unit volume of output, according to this report. Environmentally beneficial practices by farmers, such as conservation tillage, improved manure storage, soil nutrient testing and drip irrigation, have also contributed to improvements.
Ce rapport examine les tendances récentes en matière de systèmes d'innovation agricole (SIA) et étudie l'impact d'un large éventail de politiques relatives à la création et à la diffusion de l'innovation dans le secteur agricole et agroalimentaire. Il suggère un cadre pour l'analyse du rôle des pouvoirs publics dans la promotion de l'innovation, dans le but d'aider à identifier les mesures concrètes qu'ils pourraient prendre pour améliorer la croissance de la productivité, l'utilisation durable des ressources et la résilience aux futures évolutions du marché des systèmes agricoles et agroalimentaires nationaux et mondiaux.
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Ce partenariat, s’il se concrétise, serait le plus important accord de libre-échangejamais conclu au plan bilatéral, couvrant approximativement 50 % de la production mondiale, près de 30 % des échanges mondiaux de marchandises et 20 % de l’investissement direct étranger mondial.
Eliminating global hunger is more about raising the incomes of the poor than an issue of food prices. This study considers how changes to the world’s food and agriculture system can contribute to improvements in food security in developing countries, and the policy recommendations proposed seek to improve the coherence of OECD countries’ policies and contribute to multilateral initiatives towards global food security.
What role can governments play in agricultural innovation? This report reviews recent trends in agricultural innovation systems (AIS) and looks at how governments can contribute to agricultural productivity and sustainability by fostering innovation in the agri-food sector.
Read and download for free this OECD series of papers with data, analysis and policy recommendations on food, agriculture and fisheries issues. Feel free to forward and share these papers.
How do small farms in developing countries manage risk? This paper assesses farm-level agricultural risk management strategies in Brazil, China and Viet Nam. Farmers in developing countries often rely on community strategies such as crop sharing, or deplete their assets and so perpetuate poverty. Policies to promote investment, such as access to credit and insurance, can help smallholders move out of poverty or into the non-farm sector.
Global agricultural production is expected to grow 1.5% a year on average over the coming decade, compared with annual growth of 2.1% between 2003 and 2012, according to the latest OECD-FAO agricultural market projections for production, consumption, trade, stocks and prices of featured commodities.
Large farm size, low age profile, high educational level and use of financial leverage are factors in high economic performance of farms, according to this analysis of data from nine OECD countries and regions. The analysis shows significant differences in farm economic performances within countries as well as across countries.