The extent to which external exposure of the Brazilian economy has contributed to employment is evaluated. Total employment variation was decomposed using the Input-Output Matrix methodology for the years 2000-07 to identify the contribution of the final demand components. The volume of direct employment associated with exports was then estimated according to worker's skill level and the geographical composition of Brazilian exports.
Des procédures et formalités commerciales complexes, dépassées et inefficaces empêchent les entreprises de profiter pleinement de l’ouverture des marchés mondiaux.
Français, PDF, 1,206kb
La présente brochure propose des lignes directrices complètes sur les activités de renforcement des capacités dans les pays candidats à l’adhésion aux Systèmes de semences de l’OCDE et dans les pays déjà membres.
What is the role of services in international merchandise trade, especially as new technology changes the way production is organised? This study analyses the relationship between competitiveness in manufacturing and the quality of key supporting services. Three primary indicators of competitiveness are considered: the degree of product differentiation, unit prices obtained in export markets and the duration of trade.
Demand for food and feed is increasing worldwide, and there is greater pressure on land, water and biodiversity. Agriculture policymakers face the challenge of increasing innovation, improving agricultural productivity growth and make more efficient use of available natural resources. In this interview for EuroChoices, OECD Trade and Agriculture Director Ken Ash explains the role that innovation will play in the future of food.
To benefit fully from cross-border trade in electricity, interconnected countries need to establish a non-discriminatory trading regime based on co-operation and co-ordination, says this study of trade in renewables-based electric power in Europe.
With a growing integration via trade and investment, state-owned enterprises (SOEs) that have traditionally been oriented towards domestic markets increasingly compete with private firms in the global market place. This paper presents a conceptual discussion of how potential SOE advantages can generate cross-border effects.
English, PDF, 1,047kb
Business representatives and policy makers provided lively debate and valuable insights on barriers to 21st century commerce when they met at this event at OECD headquarters in Paris. Read the main discussion points, online survey results and recommendations.
Transparent trade legislation, policies and practices benefit governments and business alike by reducing uncertainty and transaction costs, simplifying procedures and encouraging investment. This paper studies the information published online by 33 countries on their export restriction policies in the minerals sector, and presents a checklist of best practices for addressing gaps in the availability and accessibility of information.
This international standard applies to broccoli of varieties (cultivars) grown from Brassica oleracea var.italica Plenck to be supplied fresh to the consumer, broccoli for industrial processing being excluded.