This report explores effective policy solutions to the current and future challenges related to food security in the countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). While robust GDP growth, rising agricultural productivity and output, and strong growth in agricultural incomes have all contributed to vast improvements in the food security of the region, 60 million people remain undernourished. ASEAN governments have therefore justifiably kept food security as a policy priority. The regional policy architecture set out in ASEAN frameworks provides sound guidance, yet some of the current policies adopted by members are not helping to address food insecurity and its causes, including the formidable challenges related to climate change and the need for continued growth in sustainable food production to feed growing populations. This report puts forward a number of policy recommendations to ensure that the ASEAN agricultural and fisheries sectors contribute effectively and efficiently to ensuring regional food security.
This report analyses Philippine agricultural policy. Agriculture provides 30% of total employment in the Philippines and represents 11% of its Gross Domestic Product. The Philippines has had notable recent overall economic success, yet improving agricultural performance remains challenging. Productivity growth lags behind other Southeast Asian countries, and a number of policy distortions hinder progress. With agricultural land resources also under pressure from frequent natural disasters, rising population and urbanisation, the report offers a series of recommendations to improve the sector’s performance and its ability to adapt to climate change.
Costa Rica’s strong agricultural sector is underpinned by the country’s political stability, robust economic growth and high levels of human development. The sector has achieved significant export success, yet raising productivity and staying competitive in world markets will require efforts to address bottlenecks in infrastructure, innovation and access to financial services. Maximising Costa Rica’s comparative advantage in higher-value niche products will depend upon more efficient services to agriculture, including better implementation of programmes, improved co-ordination among institutions, and reduced bureaucracy. While overall protection for agriculture is relatively low compared to OECD countries, it is nonetheless highly distorting to production and trade. Managing the transition to scheduled liberalisation presents an opportunity to reform costly policies, and to implement an alternative policy package with new investments in innovation, productivity and diversification, supported by transition assistance where needed. Costa Rican agriculture’s vulnerability to extreme weather events is expected to worsen with climate change, and even while the country is among global leaders in environmental protection, sustainable development and climate change mitigation, further adaptation efforts will be necessary.
This brochure is published within the framework of the Scheme for the Application of International Standards for Fruit and Vegetables established by the OECD in 1962. It comprises explanatory notes and illustrations to facilitate the uniform interpretation of the garlic Standard. This brochure describes and demonstrates the quality parameters of garlic, and is accompanied by high quality photographs. It is a valuable tool for inspection authorities, professional bodies, and traders interested in international trade in garlic.
La liste des Etats pour lesquels un tel abattement est autorisé au titre de la Convention du Cap, telle qu’approuvée à ce jour par les Participants à l’ASU.
English, Excel, 691kb
This excel file contains all the historical interest rates used in the Export Credits. These include CIRR since 1983, ASU CIRR since 2007, RESU CIRR since 2009 and NSU CIRR since 2009 - version dated 7 March 2017.
Français, PDF, 482kb
Taux d'intérêt minimum à appliquer au soutien financier public pour des crédits à l'exportation dans les domaines couverts par les centrales nucléaires (Annexe II de l'Arrangement)
Français, PDF, 375kb
Taux d'intérêt minimum à appliquer au soutien financier public pour des crédits à l'exportation dans les domaines couverts par les énergies renouvelables, de l’atténuation et l'adaptation du changement climatique et les ressources en eau (Annexe IV de l'Arrangement)
Français, Excel, 357kb
Les taux d'intérêt commerciaux de référence applicables à compter du 15 mars jusqu'au 14 avril 2017 viennent de paraître.
Français, PDF, 344kb
Les taux d'intérêt commerciaux de référence pour les aéronefs civils applicables à compter du 15 mars jusqu'au 14 avril 2017 viennent de paraître.