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États et contribuables ont dépensé environ 500 milliards de dollars l’an dernier pour soutenir la production et la consommation de combustibles fossiles. La suppression des subventions inefficaces augmenterait les revenus nationaux et réduirait les émissions de gaz à effet de serre, selon l’OCDE et l’AIE.
A co-ordinated multilateral removal of fossil-fuel consumption subsidies over the 2013-2020 period would increase global trade volumes by 0.1% by 2020, according to this report.
How is international trade affected by climate change mitigation measures relating to non-product-related processes and production methods (PPMs)? This study looks at PPM measures adopted in the United States, the European Union, Canada and other countries.
The deployment of greenhouse gas (GHG) mitigation technologies depends on international trade in services such as business, telecommunications and construction and related engineering, typically through cross-border Internet trade and temporary movement of personnel.
How are environmental provisions incorporated in regional trade agreements (RTAs)? What are the environmental impacts of RTAs? Participants at a recent OECD workshop discussed these issues and shared ideas on co-operation activities, consultation mechanisms and dispute settlement.
This report features recent regional trade agreements with substantive environmental content, focusing on agreements between New Zealand and Hong Kong (China); Chinese Taipei and Nicaragua; and European Union trade agreements with Korea, Montenegro and Serbia.
This is a third update on developments in the field of regional trade agreements and environment covering the period late 2008 to December 2009. (OECD Trade and Environment Working Paper N° 2010-01)
Country case studies of China, Japan, Netherlands, South Africa and the United States in measures that may hamper trade in steel scrap, recovered paper and plastic scrap, and if and how they could be removed without compromising environmental protection.
Trade in steel scrap, recovered paper and plastic scrap is well developed and plays an important role in fostering environmentally sound recycling of these materials. This report assesses options for promoting trade and recycling of these non-hazardous materials.
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A second update on developments in the field of regional tradeagreements and environment covering the period late 2007 to December 2008. It complements the 2007 publication “Environment and Regional Trade Agreements”, and the first update presented to the JWPTE in December 2007