This paper focuses on the market openness aspects of regulatory reform in Indonesia to devise recommendations for improving the country’s regulatory processes. These recommendations involve institutionalising independent and objective evaluations of policies from an economy-wide perspective, as well as instituting a process by which broad public consultations are systematically required.
English, , 184kb
Trade, including its more novel facets such as global services outsourcing and production off-shoring, plays a pivotal role in boosting growth and creating high-value high-pay jobs.
International trade produces income gains, but increased trade exposure also creates some challenges that require complementary policies to maximise the benefits of trade. This paper looks at how Australia has dealt with these issues in recent years.
Trade policy reforms have a role to play in reducing large current account imbalances, this paper finds. A multilateral and co-ordinated approach to reducing imbalances, involving macroeconomic, exchange rate and structural reforms, is essential for achieving maximum benefits for all countries.<
The most open sectors of the Chilean economy show higher wages relative to the other sectors, according to this analysis of the relationship between wages and levels of trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) openness in twenty-nine sectors in Chile.
Greater trade openness does not necessarily have an adverse effect on employment, and labour market mobility and flexibility can help countries gain from globalisation, according to this comparison of Denmark and Spain.
Physical and human capital (especially second- and third-level education), financial development and some aspects of labour market institutions are important policy and institutional areas that determine comparative advantage today, according to this paper.
Tariffs, government policies and availability of credit and electricity are among the factors that restrict the trade expansion of developing countries. This report identifies and quantifies these constraints, and includes case studies of Azerbaijan and Uganda.
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An analysis of Estonia’s trade policy-related institutions and regulations and their influence on market openness, covering transparency, non-discrimination, trade restrictiveness, harmonisation towards international standards, conformity assessment procedures and intellectual property rights.
English, , 719kb
An analysis of Slovenia’s trade policy-related institutions and regulations and their influence on market openness, covering transparency, non-discrimination, trade restrictiveness, harmonisation towards international standards, conformity assessment procedures and intellectual property rights.