Aujourd’hui, les chaînes de valeur mondiales (CVM) constituent un aspect essentiel des échanges et des investissements à l’échelon international et ouvrent de nouvelles perspectives sur le plan de la croissance, du développement et de l’emploi, selon un rapport établi conjointement par l'OCDE, l'OMC et la CNUCED.
The potential multilateralisation of government procurement commitments in regional trade agreements (RTAs) presents many issues and challenges. To what extent do RTAs go beyond the 2012 revised Agreement on Government Procurement (GPA), and how do they differ among trading partners? This report surveys 47 RTAs in force with government procurement provisions where an OECD member is a party.
What is the role of services in international merchandise trade, especially as new technology changes the way production is organised? This study analyses the relationship between competitiveness in manufacturing and the quality of key supporting services. Three primary indicators of competitiveness are considered: the degree of product differentiation, unit prices obtained in export markets and the duration of trade.
Experts meetings which provide a forum for services experts to share knowledge and ideas on key reform issues, including driving forces, main impediments, and impacts on trade and other measures of economic performance.
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The OECD Technical Workshop on the Economics of Regulation brought together experts to discuss how developments in the economics of regulation could inform the construction of the STRI in network industries and sectors involving two-sided platforms. This report provides the meeting highlights.
Innovation is critical to creating new sources of growth, and trade can strengthen innovation in the business sector. Technology diffusion, competition and exports are channels through which trade affects innovation. These channels along with the related policy issues are discussed in this report.
Trade in tasks represents the latest turn in a virtuous cycle of deepening specialisation of labour, expansion of the market and productivity growth. This paper analyses the task content of goods and services and sheds light on structural changes that take place following trade liberalisation.
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The OECD Experts Meeting on Audiovisual Services took place 19-20 April 2011. The meeting launched the next phase of the STRI Project with expansion of its coverage to the audiovisual sector. This report provides the highlights of discussions during the meeting.
How do services commitments in RTAs influence multilateral negotiations? Through 4 case studies of the RTAs of Chile, Japan, the EU and the US, this paper looks at political economy issues underlying RTAs in general, as well as the specific concessions that countries make on trade in services.
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Barriers to trade in services block benefits for firms and consumers, and impede the international exchange of ideas, know-how and technology. The OECD Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI) gives policy makers the means to open up the international services trade.