La Suède est depuis longtemps engagée pour la protection de l’environnement. Elle a beaucoup réduit ses émissions de gaz à effet de serre, la pollution atmosphérique et le ruissellement d’azote. Un tiers de ses besoins énergétiques est satisfait par des sources renouvelables. Cependant, même si elle s’est fixé des objectifs ambitieux pour l’avenir, la Suède doit continuer à innover pour les atteindre.
The average worker in Sweden faced a tax burden on labour income (tax wedge) of 42.9% in 2013 compared with the OECD average of 35.9%. Sweden was ranked 8 of the 34 OECD member countries in this respect.
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This note presents key findings for Sweden from Society at a Glance 2014 - OECD Social indicators. This 2014 publication also provides a special chapter on: the crisis and its aftermath: a “stress test” for societies and for social policies.
This report reviews the quality of health care in Sweden. It begins by providing an overview of the range of policies and practices aimed at supporting quality of care in Sweden (Chapter 1). It then focuses on three key areas particularly relevant to elderly populations: strengthening primary care in Sweden (Chapter 2), better assurance for quality in long-term care (Chapter 3), and improving care after hip fracture and stroke (Chapter 4). In examining these areas, this report highlights best practices and provides recommendations to improve the quality of care in Sweden.
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Old age poverty is generally low, but people aged 76 and above have a higher then OECD average poverty rate. However, publicly provided services matter the most in Sweden and play a major role in enhancing the income of all households, especially the elderly.Recent reforms to occupational pension plans in Sweden will lead to a better level of income... protection in retirement for high income earners compared to average income earners.
L’an dernier, les apports d’aide publique au développement (APD) de la Suède se sont élevés à 5.24 milliards USD, soit 0.99 % de son revenu national brut (RNB).
Sweden has made progress in recent years towards a more secure, sustainable energy future. The Scandinavian nation already has an almost carbon-free electricity supply and has phased out oil use in residential and power sectors. It is increasingly integrated within the Nordic and Baltic electricity markets, and its joint renewable electricity certificate market with Norway offers a unique model for other countries.
Now Sweden must take concrete steps to realise its vision of a fossil-fuel-independent vehicle fleet by 2030 and no net greenhouse-gas emissions by 2050. Although Sweden has decided to allow the replacement of its existing nuclear reactors, further emission reductions will come at a higher cost and require technology change. This means Sweden will need to carefully evaluate the most cost-effective pathways for its transition to a low-carbon economy.
Sweden has a high energy-intensity level, which requires greater energy efficiency in industry, buildings, heat and transport. A decarbonisation vision should be mapped out for each industry sector. Starting with transport, Sweden must specify how it will wean its vehicle fleet from fossil fuels by 2030.
Sweden’s industry lead in smart grids is an asset. Sweden should scale up investment in clean energy technologies. As all Nordic countries decarbonise, cost-effective regional solutions can control consumers’ costs. The large-scale deployment of renewable and energy technologies in a common Northern European energy market can drive decarbonisation without comprising competitiveness, security of supply and affordability.
This review analyses the energy-policy challenges currently facing Sweden, and provides studies and recommendations for each sector.