More equal access to employment services and better co-ordination between the government and social partners could help disadvantaged laid-off workers get back into employment, according to a new OECD report.
Job displacement (involuntary job loss due to firm closure or downsizing) affects many workers over their lifetime. Displaced workers may face long periods of unemployment and, even when they find new jobs, tend to be paid less and have fewer benefits than in their prior jobs. Helping them get back into good jobs quickly should be a key goal of labour market policy. This report is the fourth in a series of reports looking at how this challenge is being tackled in a number of OECD countries. It shows that Sweden has been relatively successful in minimising the adverse effects of displaced workers, manily due to the longstanding tradition of collaboration between the social partners to share responsibility for restructuring by creating special arrangements and practices that provide help to workers much faster that in other OECD countries. Despite this positive institutional framework, there is room to improve policies targeted to displaced workers as remarkable inequalities still exist in both the Swedish labour market and in the way workers are treated.
This report delivers evidence-based and practical recommendations on how to better support employment and economic development in Sweden. It builds on sub-national data analysis and consultations with local stakeholders in Galve and Stockholm. It provides a comparative framework to understand the role of the local level in contributing to more and better quality jobs. The report can help national and local policy makers in Sweden build more effective and sustainable partnerships at the local level, which join-up efforts and achieve stronger outcomes across employment, training, and economic development policies. Co-ordinated policies can help workers find suitable jobs, while also stimulating entrepreneurship and productivity, which increases the quality of life and prosperity within a community as well as throughout the country.
English, PDF, 516kb
Sweden has a well-educated population and a high level of skills relative to other OECD countries, but student performance has fallen for the past decades. An additional challenge is how to better connect the education system to the labour market to ensure that students are equipped with those skills demanded by employers.
English, PDF, 160kb
During the crisis, Sweden’s unemployment rate increased by almost 3 percentage points, but part of this increase has now been reabsorbed. By July 2014, unemployment had fallen to 7.7%, well down from a peak of 8.9% in 2010.
La Suède devrait apporter un soutien plus grand aux personnes de moins de 30 ans qui souffrent de troubles mentaux afin d’améliorer leurs perspectives d’emploi et de réduire les dépenses publiques de santé et les allocations de chômage, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.
Il est urgent que les pouvoirs publics adaptent leurs politiques du marché du travail afin de soutenir les citoyens les plus fragilisés par la crise économique.