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This report analyses initiatives in a number of countries through which end-users are notified by ISPs when their computer is identified as being compromised by malicious software and encouraged to take action to mitigate the problem.
The emerging "green" economy is a "smarter" economy that has increased demand for ICT-skilled jobs not only in the ICT sector, but more rapidly across the wider non-ICT economy.
The review of the available data and indicators on GVCs in this paper shows the increasing importance of GVCs in today’s global economy, but at the same time clearly highlights some major shortcomings.
This working paper provides estimates of the economic value created by broadband Internet using measures of new gross domestic product and consumer surplus.
This paper utilises an economic model that looks at the end result – observations on changes in the pattern of consumer spending behaviour – and econometrically estimates the extent of the link between these behavioural changes and their drivers: traditional economic stimuli as well as changes in the economic environment due to advances in technology and improved provision of public sector IT infrastructure.
This working paper presents a review of existing studies on dynamic, macroeconomic effects of ICT on productivity and growth.
This paper discusses the export performance of countries along the value chain by distinguishing upstream activities (i.e. the production of intermediate inputs) and more downstream activities (e.g. the final assembly of products).
Measuring the economic and social impacts of the Internet presents several challenges. This working paper reviews the rapidly changing nature of the Internet, the need for more granular data in order to understand its complexity, and the phenomenon of big data.
This paper reviews the current academic thinking on knowledge transfer channels between universities and private industry, from a human resource perspective. It also offers a general framework for "re-organising" the literature, so as to identify gaps in understanding.
Mobile termination rates are the charges that telecom network operators pay for delivering telephone calls to mobile wireless providers. There have been considerable changes in these rates and, in some countries, the role regulatory authorities play in how these charges are set.