Working Papers


  • 15-June-2018

    English

    A taxonomy of digital-intensive sectors

    This study proposes a taxonomy of sectors according to the extent to which they have gone digital. The taxonomy accounts for some of the key facets of the digital transformation, and recognises that sectors differ in their development and adoption of the most advanced “digital” technologies, in the human capital needed to embed them in production and in the extent to which digital tools are used to deal with clients and suppliers.

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  • 12-June-2018

    English

    The productivity-wage premium: Does size still matter in a service economy?

    While the size-wage and size-productivity premia are significantly weaker in market services compared to manufacturing, the link between wages and productivity is stronger. The combination of these results suggests that in a service economy the “size-wage premium” becomes more a “productivity-wage premium”.

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  • 24-May-2018

    English

    Gene editing for advanced therapies: Governance, policy and society

    Recent breakthroughs in gene editing techniques have ushered in a new era for gene editing and health innovation. This report is the result of an expert meeting to explore the core scientific, legal, regulatory and societal challenges facing the responsible development and use of gene editing in somatic cells for advanced therapies.

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  • 24-May-2018

    English

    Issues in neurotechnology governance

    Governments, funders and companies around the world are making unprecedented investments in brain research and the development of neurotechnologies. This report provides a summary of main discussion points emerging from an expert consultation that aimed to identify and classify cutting-edge neurotechnologies and the ethical, legal, social, economic and cultural issues that arise with them.

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  • 26-April-2018

    English

    Mark-ups in the digital era

    This analysis examines dynamics of estimated firm mark-ups across 26 countries over 14 years. Price mark-ups are linked to measures of digital intensity of sectors in order to ascertain whether differences in exposure to digitalisation are related to differences in mark-ups across industries, and how this relationship has changed over time.

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  • 23-April-2018

    English

    Which skills for the digital era? Returns to skills analysis

    This study sheds light on the extent to which different types of employee skills are rewarded as industries go digital in an analysis of 31 countries.

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  • 16-April-2018

    English

    Trend analysis of science, technology and innovation policies for biotechnology, nanotechnology and converging technologies (BNCTs)

    This paper aims to analyse policies pertaining to nanotechnology and biotechnology over time with regard to their directionality and technology specificity. The analysis provides some evidence that technology-push policies are favoured for young technology fields, while application-pull policies tend to be applied to more mature fields.

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  • 3-April-2018

    English

    Open and inclusive collaboration in science: A framework

    Digitalisation is fundamentally changing science and this paper lays out some of the opportunities, risks and major policy challenges associated with these changes. More specifically, it lays out a conceptual framework for open science which aims to help different communities to decide on their own priorities within the open science space.

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  • 27-March-2018

    English

    Report on statistics and indicators of biotechnology and nanotechnology

    This paper provides a summary of trends and developments in biotechnology and nanotechnology over the last 20-25 years based on the longitudinal analyses of patents. It also introduces an experimental indicator which aims to visualise developments over time in each research area.

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  • 26-March-2018

    English

    Multinational enterprises and global value chains: New insights on the trade-investment nexus

    Despite their acclaimed importance, empirical evidence on MNEs is not widely available and largely incomplete, with data only available for a subset of OECD economies. Based on the new OECD analytical AMNE database including information on MNEs across 43 industries and countries on a bilateral basis, this paper derives new insights on the importance of MNEs today.

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