Publications & Documents

  • 13-May-2020


    Start-ups and COVID-19: Facing the challenges, seizing the opportunities

    Start-ups play a key role in OECD countries in terms of job creation, innovation, and long-run growth, but the COVID-19 crisis is reducing their creation, challenging their survival, and limiting their growth.

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  • 12-May-2020


    Why open science is critical to combatting COVID-19

    In global emergencies like the COVID-19 pandemic, open science policies can remove obstacles to the free flow of research data and ideas, and thus accelerate the pace of research critical to combating the disease.

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  • 7-May-2020


    OECD GlobalRecalls portal - 2015-2019 enhancements

    The OECD GlobalRecalls portal was launched in 2012 as a single window for governments to share information about product recalls worldwide. It has since developed into a significant resource, with over 24 000 product recall notices and 47 participating countries, and these figures continue to grow. This report discusses the implementation of a series of enhancements to the OECD GlobalRecalls portal between 2015 and 2019, as well as support provided to jurisdictions by the OECD Secretariat between November 2018 and September 2019 to use the portal’s new API functionality. The report will inform ongoing OECD work to maintain the Portal and any future work regarding possible further enhancements.
  • 5-May-2020


    Providing science advice to policy makers during COVID-19

    While individual experts are often responsible for communicating science advice, they must be guided by clear common principles and supported by scientific institutions and networks across the globe. This requires international co-operation and open sharing of data and information.

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  • 4-mai-2020


    Maintenir l’accès à l’internet en temps de crise

    Depuis le début de la crise du COVID-19, la demande de services de communication haut débit s’est envolée, certains opérateurs enregistrant jusqu’à 60 % d’augmentation du trafic internet par rapport à la période d’avant-crise.

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  • 4-May-2020


    Protecting children online

    While the Internet can bring considerable benefits to children's education and development, it also exposes them to online risks such as access to inappropriate content, abusive interaction with others, exposure to aggressive marketing practices and privacy risks. The OECD has undertaken considerable work on protecting children as users of the Internet.

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  • 1-May-2020


    Identifying and measuring developments in artificial intelligence - Making the impossible possible

    This paper identifies and measures developments in science, algorithms and technologies related to artificial intelligence (AI). Using information from scientific publications, open source software (OSS) and patents, it finds a marked increase in AI-related developments over recent years. Since 2015, AI-related publications have increased by 23% per year; from 2014 to 2018, AI-related OSS contributions grew at a rate three times greater than other OSS contributions; and AI-related inventions comprised, on average, more than 2.3% of IP5 patent families in 2017. China’s growing role in the AI space also emerges. The analysis relies on a three-pronged approach based on established bibliometric and patent-based methods, and machine learning (ML) implemented on purposely collected OSS data.
  • 30-April-2020


    Enhanced Access to Publicly Funded Data for Science, Technology and Innovation

    In increasingly knowledge-based societies and economies, data are a key resource. Enhanced access to publicly funded data enables research and innovation, and has far-reaching effects on resource efficiency, productivity and competitiveness, creating benefits for society at large. Yet these benefits must also be balanced against associated risks to privacy, intellectual property, national security and the public interest. This report presents current policy practice to promote access to publicly funded data for science, technology and innovation, as well as policy challenges for the future. It examines national policies and international initiatives, and identifies seven issues that require policy attention.
  • 28-April-2020


    Protecting online consumers during the COVID-19 crisis

    The COVID-19 crisis has upended the global consumer landscape. Confinement measures have moved consumers further online, changed their demands and exacerbated behavioural biases. Many governments must strike a balance between protecting consumers’ health and safety, strengthening consumer trust, and addressing challenges to business and workers.

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  • 23-April-2020


    Tracking and tracing COVID-19: Protecting privacy and data while using apps and biometrics

    Disclosures of personal information can allow the public to better identify potential COVID-19 infections and track the spread over time. However, current digital solutions for monitoring and containment have varying implications for privacy and data protection.

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