A modest recovery is under way in the global steel market but structural imbalances remain acute amid sluggish demand growth expected in the long-term demand, the OECD Steel Committee said at the end of its meeting this week.
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This note gives the quick read on research describing scenarios for global value chains over the next 10 to 15 years. It indicates that the future of GVCs may look quite different from the past, with the growing digitalisation of production most likely the biggest game changer.
Presentations and main topics discussed at the 83rd Session of the Steel Committee held in Paris, 28-29 September 2017.
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This report sheds new light on the digital transformation and the strategies pursued by top innovators worldwide to generate knowledge and to appropriate the returns from their knowledge-based investment through industrial property (IP) rights. uncovers the extent to which information and communication technologies and activities are diffusing and have been adopted by actors operating in other technological and economic domains.
Several countries have been setting up strategic roadmaps to support marine biotechnologies that could drive innovation and help address the global sustainability goals of food, energy, and health. This report identifies and begins to address challenges facing cooperation on marine biotechnology across countries.
There is now strong evidence that microbiomes play an important role in human health, as there are clear linkages to many major non-communicable diseases. This report assesses the key policy challenges for innovation in the microbiome. It argues that if such a promising scientific field is to lead to innovative applications, policies on science and innovation must be improved in five areas.
The world’s nominal steelmaking capacity is estimated to reach 2.241 billion tonnes in 2014, more than double the capacity of 2000. The OECD is launches a database that details new investment projects in the industry by region and country in both developing and advanced economies through 2017 and beyond. The data portal makes data on steel projects in OECD countries fully accessible for the first time.
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The next production revolution entails a confluence of technologies ranging from a variety of digital technologies to new materials to new processes. As these technologies transform the production and the distribution of goods and services, they will have far-reaching consequences for productivity, skills, income distribution, well-being and the environment.
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This policy brief discusses the possible impact of digitalisation on women and men, and proposes a range of policies to ensure that technological change supports a closing, and not a widening, of gender gaps.