Cloud computing has become a platform for innovation. This paper looks at how the cloud changes the way computing is carried out, and evaluates the benefits, challenges and economic and environmental impacts. It discusses the policy issues raised and the role of governments and other stakeholders in addressing them.
This publication reports on trends in the steelmaking capacity of economies that are not members of the OECD. It examines existing capacity and investments that will lead to changes by 2014, with detailed tables on equipment, starting dates of planned projects, and works ownership.
New nanomaterials offer promising avenues for future innovation, which can contribute towards the sustainability and resource efficiency of the tyre industry. Yet uncertainty over environmental health and safety (EHS) risks appears to be a main and continuous concern for the development of new nanomaterials in tyre production, even for those closest to market. Lack of sector-specific guidance represents a major gap.
Cette publication semestrielle présente un jeu d'indicateurs reflétant le niveau et la structure des efforts menés par les pays de l'OCDE et par sept économies non membres (Afrique du Sud, Argentine, Chine, Fédération de Russie, Roumanie, Singapour, Taipei chinois) dans les domaines de la science et de la technologie. Il s'agit de résultats définitifs ou provisoires, et de prévisions établies par les gouvernements. Les indicateurs
While there has been a recent revival of interest in industrial policy around the world, systematic evidence of efficacy is relatively scarce. This report considers recent evidence from the evaluation of industrial policy. It focuses on three specific policy areas: support for R&D, capital market interventions (with a focus on risk capital), and public procurement for innovation.
This review offers a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of Colombia, focusing on the role of government. It provides concrete recommendations on how to improve policies that affect innovation performance, including R&D policies and identifies good practices from which other countries can learn.
The Overall assessment and recommendations is also available in French and Spanish.
This paper aims to provide an introduction to and overview of the social investment market for policy makers. Social investment is the provision of finance to organisations with the explicit expectation of a social, as well as financial, return. It has become increasingly relevant in today’s economic environment as social challenges have mounted while public funds in many countries are under pressure.
English, PDF, 2,993kb
The OECD has been at the forefront of policy analysis on the digital economy since the start. It has also developed influential guidelines to help governments preserve the open and unified Internet that is needed to support economic growth, while at the same time manage privacy and security risks.
English, PDF, 432kb
France has a longstanding scientific and technical tradition, but to boost competitiveness and accelerate economic growth, it needs to fully exploit its innovation potential. This review highlights the need to encourage private-sector innovation, make public research institutions more accountable and channel more funds into the most promising R&D projects.
Français, PDF, 3,384kb
Pour stimuler la compétitivité et accélérer la croissance économique, la France doit exploiter pleinement son potentiel d'innovation. Cet examen souligne la nécessité d'encourager l'innovation dans le secteur privé en soutenant la croissance des entreprises et en revoyant le crédit d'impôt recherche.