The OECD Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy is holding a Ministerial level meeting in Daejeon, Korea on 20-21 October 2015.
L'initiative conjointe de l'OCDE et de l'OMC pour la mesure du commerce extérieur en valeur ajoutée a pour but de remédier au comptage multiple qui est implicite dans les mesures classiques de flux commerciaux bruts, et de s'intéresser plutôt à la valeur ajoutée par les pays (au travers de la rémunération du travail, des taxes et des profits) dans la production des biens ou services exportés.
Greater access and use of data creates a wide array of policy issues, such as privacy and consumer protection, open data access, skills and employment, and measurement to name a few. The OECD is undertaking extensive analysis on the role of data in promoting innovation, growth and well-being.
Today, the generation and use of huge volumes of data are redefining our “intelligence” capacity and our social and economic landscapes, spurring new industries, processes and products, and creating significant competitive advantages. In this sense, data-driven innovation (DDI) has become a key pillar of 21st-century growth, with the potential to significantly enhance productivity, resource efficiency, economic competitiveness, and social well-being.
Greater access to and use of data create a wide array of impacts and policy challenges, ranging from privacy and consumer protection to open access issues and measurement concerns, across public and private health, legal and science domains. This report aims to improve the evidence base on the role of DDI for promoting growth and well-being, and provide policy guidance on how to maximise the benefits of DDI and mitigate the associated economic and societal risks.
In order to attain its objective of becoming a high-income economy by 2020, Malaysia is engaged in efforts to enhance the performance of its innovation system. A range of challenges need to be addressed and different policy tools can help in this respect. For this purpose the national intellectual property (IP) system can play a pivotal role. This review assesses how Malaysian's national IP system promotes innovation and offers recommendations to improve the design of the system. It does so by analysing the organisation and governance of Malaysia's IP system as well as opportunities and challenges for different local users - ranging from small businesses to frontier companies and public research institutions. Moreover, the review discusses the state of IP markets in Malaysia and related policies and provides a comprehensive set of statistics describing the use of IP in Malaysia in recent years.
This report produced in co-operation with the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Transport Forum (ITF) and the Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) identifies the misalignments between climate change objectives and policy and regulatory frameworks across a range of policy domains (investment, taxation, innovation and skills, trade, and adaptation) and activities at the heart of climate policy (electricity, urban mobility and rural land use).
Outside of countries’ core climate policies, many of the regulatory features of today’s economies have been built around the availability of fossil fuels and without any regard for the greenhouse gas emissions stemming from human activities. This report makes a diagnosis of these contradictions and points to means of solving them to support a more effective transition of all countries to a low-carbon economy.
Luis Videgaray, Mexico’s Minister of Finance and Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General will co-host this event in Mexico City on 6-7 July 2015, with a welcoming by the President of Mexico. Participants will share their views on the key factors that will influence future productivity growth and the creation of an OECD Productivity Network.
Better access to and use of public sector information (PSI), including open government data, are inter-related parts of the shift towards knowledge-based economies, and drivers of innovation, growth and employment. PSI can be used directly to generate products and services, and it contributes in a wide variety of ways to improving efficiency and productivity across the economy (including within the public sector).
L’innovation a toujours été une pierre angulaire de nos économies. De l’invention de la roue à la révolution industrielle, du transport aérien à l’internet en passant par la médecine, elle apporte changement, progrès, espoir. Encore sous le coup de la crise et à la recherche de voies nouvelles pour une croissance plus solide, inclusive et durable, notre monde a plus que jamais besoin de politiques en faveur de l’innovation.
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Il n’existe pas de recette miracle pour renforcer les performances de l’innovation. Toutefois, cibler les politiques sur les cinq domaines d’action concrets examinés dans le présent document aidera les gouvernements à promouvoir l’instauration de sociétés plus innovantes, productives et prospères, et, ce faisant, à renforcer l’économie mondiale.