Dans cette allocution prononcée au Forum économique international des Amériques, M. Gurría souligne que l'innovation jouera un rôle déterminant pour stimuler la croissance économique et résoudre les grands défis mondiaux et sociaux de notre temps : la pauvreté persistante, le chômage, le changement climatique, la gestion de l’eau et les soins de santé, en particulier à l’heure du vieillissement de nos populations.
The workshop discussed existing sector, national, or international approaches for assessment of sustainability of bio-based products, such as bio-based chemicals, bio-based plastics, enzymes, bio-based materials, and biofuels.
This report explores available statistics and data from official statistical sources and from product life cycle studies, suggests a conceptual framework for the statistical field “ICT and the environment” and makes recommendations on how to improve statistical collection.
This paper suggests a conceptual framework for the new statistical field "ICT and the environment" based on an existing OECD framework for information society statistics.
Les indicateurs de biotechnologie ci-dessous sont produits par la Direction de la science, de la technologie et de l'industrie (DSTI) de l'OCDE.
This publication assesses the current status of Korea’s innovation system and policies, and identifies where and how the government should focus its efforts to improve the country’s innovation capabilities.
This book studies the infringement of copyrighted content (such as music, films, software, broadcasting, books, etc.) where the end product does not involve the use of hard media, such as CDs and DVDs.
This report examines the impact of the global economic downturn on the long-term competitiveness of the automotive and construction sectors and explores the role of government policy in generating restructuring and renewal.
Le ralentissement économique frappe durement l’industrie de la construction navale. La diminution, jusqu’à 90 %, du volume des nouvelles commandes, et l’augmentation du nombre des annulations devraient entraîner un accroissement des surcapacités dans le secteur.
This report assesses the current status of Korea’s innovation system and policies, and identifies where and how the government should focus its efforts to improve the country’s innovation capabilities. It finds that Korea has one of the highest rates of spending on R&D in the world, much of which is performed by private firms. It also has a highly educated labour force – as signalled by its impressive PISA performance and exceptionally high rates of tertiary level graduation – with a strong interest in science and technology.
However, a number of bottlenecks persist that hamper Korea’s economic convergence with the leading OECD economies. These include a relatively weak SME sector and weak performance in services, as well as lagging capacities to conduct leading-edge research in many areas. Furthermore, Korea faces numerous threats in the mid term, notably increased levels of competition from China and other newly-industrialising economies, the lowest fertility rate in the OECD and an ageing society, and a continuing high dependency on imports of natural resources, particularly hydrocarbons. In the shorter term, the economic crisis offers its own challenges, with the need for some policy adjustments to deal with expected falls in business investment in R&D and growing levels of unemployment among the highly skilled.