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  • 13-August-2020

    English

    Capital incentive policies in the age of cloud computing - An empirical case study

    This paper assesses whether current policy environments are appropriate for the emergence of cloud computing technology. In particular, this research uses firm level data for Germany and the United Kingdom to examine the impact of capital incentive programmes (a common policy present in most OECD countries) on cloud adoption. The design for many of these policies target investments in physical capital while excluding digital services like the cloud. Firms view digital investments and digital services as substitutes, therefore narrowly defined incentive programmes may actually discourage the use of emerging tools like cloud computing, which are found to enable the growth and performance of young entrants. Overall, the results find that while capital incentive policies encourage firm investments in ICT and other forms of capital, they actually reduce the probability of cloud adoption. Policy makers may therefore need to reconsider the design of capital incentive programmes within their jurisdictions.
  • 10-août-2020

    Français

    Pour soutenir la lutte contre le COVID-19, une meilleure harmonisation des réglementations relatives aux essais cliniques s’impose

    Cette note porte sur les obstacles rencontrés dans la mise en place d’essais cliniques internationaux. Elle fournit des informations sur les adaptations qu’il conviendrait d’apporter aux exigences réglementaires pour accélérer les processus et souligne la nécessité d’harmoniser davantage les réglementations entre les différentes autorités de régulation nationales.

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  • 6-August-2020

    English

    The impacts of COVID-19 on the space industry

    The recent growth in the space sector has generated unprecedented levels of entrepreneurship and start-up activity, but the COVID-19 crisis could reverse this positive trend. Space agencies and other public administrations therefore need to fully consider vulnerable smaller actors in their overall crisis responses.

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  • 5-août-2020

    Français

    Principaux indicateurs de la science et de la technologie

    Un jeu d'indicateurs mis à jour régulièrement qui reflète le niveau et la structure des efforts menés par les pays de l'OCDE et par une sélection d'économies non-membres dans les domaines de la science et de la technologie.

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  • 3-August-2020

    English

    Optimising the operation and use of national research infrastructures

    This report is the outcome of a joint activity between Science Europe and the OECD, and presents a generic framework for improving the use and operation of national research infrastructures (RIs), which play a key role in enabling and developing research in all scientific domains and represent an increasingly large share of research investment. It includes two guiding models: one for portfolio management and one for user-base optimisation. These identify the key principles of an effective national RI portfolio management system and the factors that RI managers should consider with regards to optimising the user base of national RIs. Both guiding models account for the diversity of national systems and RI operation approaches. The report also contains a series of more generic policy recommendations and suggested actions for RI portfolio managers and RI managers.
  • 24-July-2020

    English, PDF, 6,691kb

    Policy options to support digitalization of business models during COVID-19: Annex

    This report was prepared as an input for the discussions in the G20 Digital Economy Task Force in 2020, under the auspices of the G20 Saudi Arabia Presidency. G20 and partner countries were requested to provide policy examples of initiatives that have helped accelerate the availability and use of digital tools to strengthen business continuity and resilience in the COVID-19 context.

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  • 24-July-2020

    English, PDF, 6,958kb

    Mapping approaches to data and data flows

    This report was prepared as an input for the discussions in the G20 Digital Economy Task Force in 2020, under the auspices of the G20 Saudi Arabia Presidency. It aims to strengthen the foundation for further G20 discussions by filling some existing information gaps around data flows and mapping the different issues at stake.

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  • 24-July-2020

    English, PDF, 6,393kb

    Examples of AI national policies

    This report was prepared as an input for the discussions in the G20 Digital Economy Task Force in 2020, under the auspices of the G20 Saudi Arabia Presidency. It draws on country survey responses or information for almost all G20 and guest countries, and on Task Force discussions that took place in 2020 under the thematic dialogue on artificial intelligence.

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  • 24-July-2020

    English, PDF, 9,636kb

    A roadmap toward a common framework for measuring the digital economy

    This document was prepared as an input for the discussions in the G20 Digital Economy Task Force in 2020, under the auspices of the G20 Saudi Arabia Presidency. It proposes a common agreed definition of the digital economy and proposes a clear step forward for digital economy measurement.

  • 22-juillet-2020

    Français

    Statistiques du haut débit de l'OCDE

    L'utilisation des données mobiles a augmenté de plus de 25 % dans la majorité des pays de l'OCDE en 2019.

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