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  • 1-May-2020

    English

    Identifying and measuring developments in artificial intelligence - Making the impossible possible

    This paper identifies and measures developments in science, algorithms and technologies related to artificial intelligence (AI). Using information from scientific publications, open source software (OSS) and patents, it finds a marked increase in AI-related developments over recent years. Since 2015, AI-related publications have increased by 23% per year; from 2014 to 2018, AI-related OSS contributions grew at a rate three times greater than other OSS contributions; and AI-related inventions comprised, on average, more than 2.3% of IP5 patent families in 2017. China’s growing role in the AI space also emerges. The analysis relies on a three-pronged approach based on established bibliometric and patent-based methods, and machine learning (ML) implemented on purposely collected OSS data.
  • 30-April-2020

    English

    Enhanced Access to Publicly Funded Data for Science, Technology and Innovation

    In increasingly knowledge-based societies and economies, data are a key resource. Enhanced access to publicly funded data enables research and innovation, and has far-reaching effects on resource efficiency, productivity and competitiveness, creating benefits for society at large. Yet these benefits must also be balanced against associated risks to privacy, intellectual property, national security and the public interest. This report presents current policy practice to promote access to publicly funded data for science, technology and innovation, as well as policy challenges for the future. It examines national policies and international initiatives, and identifies seven issues that require policy attention.
  • 28-April-2020

    English

    Protecting online consumers during the COVID-19 crisis

    The COVID-19 crisis has upended the global consumer landscape. Confinement measures have moved consumers further online, changed their demands and exacerbated behavioural biases. Many governments must strike a balance between protecting consumers’ health and safety, strengthening consumer trust, and addressing challenges to business and workers.

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  • 23-avril-2020

    Français

    Utiliser l’intelligence artificielle au service de la lutte contre le COVID-19

    Les technologies et les outils faisant appel à l’IA jouent aujourd’hui un rôle clé dans chaque aspect de la réponse à la crise du COVID-19. Pour exploiter pleinement le potentiel de l’IA au service de la lutte contre le COVID-19, les décideurs doivent veiller à ce que les systèmes d’IA soient dignes de confiance et conformes aux Principes de l’OCDE sur l’IA.

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  • 23-avril-2020

    Français

    Suivi et traçage du COVID-19: Protéger la vie privée et les données lors de l’utilisation d’applications et de la biométrie

    La divulgation d’informations personnelles peut permettre au public de mieux localiser les cas potentiels d’infection au COVID-19 et de suivre la propagation du virus dans le temps. Toutefois, les solutions numériques utilisées actuellement pour la surveillance et le confinement ont des implications variables en termes de protection de la vie privée et des données.

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  • 20-April-2020

    English

    Open Science

    The OECD is working with member and non-member economies to review policies to promote open science and to assess their impact on research and innovation.

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  • 16-April-2020

    English

    OECD international survey of scientific authors

    The International Survey of Scientific Authors (ISSA) collects information on the activities of authors of scientific publications through a global online survey. It aims to complement other available statistical evidence and indicators in order to provide insights on selected aspects of research and inform science policy.

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  • 14-April-2020

    English

    Ensuring data privacy as we battle COVID-19

    While the exceptional measures implemented or envisaged in some countries may ultimately prove effective in limiting the spread of the virus, some approaches have proven controversial in terms of their risk of violating privacy and other fundamental rights of citizens, particularly when such measures lack transparency and public consultation.

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  • 10-April-2020

    English

    Measuring consumer detriment and the impact of consumer policy

    Measuring consumer detriment is a fundamental building block for assessing the impacts of consumer policies and consumer agency actions. This paper examines possible methodologies for estimating consumer detriment and also provides practical guidance for developing and strengthening the effectiveness of consumer policy-making frameworks.

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  • 9-April-2020

    English

    The 2018 OECD International Survey of Scientific Authors

    This technical paper describes the methodology and main features of the second pilot of the OECD International Survey of Scientific Authors (ISSA2). ISSA2 was carried out in 2018 to provide evidence on the nature and effects of digitalisation in science. This paper describes the key design and implementation feature of the ISSA2 online survey. It also provides an overview of the data collected focusing on the profiles of the survey respondents in relation to the broader population they represent. This aims to guide third-party research use of the data and code made openly available under two different access regimes.
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