This paper presents the findings of a survey of 25 countries. It provides a snapshot of current national or regional policy and research programmes designed to stimulate the growth of nanotechnology applications in diverse sectors of the economy while addressing the potential risks and the ethical and social challenges the technology might raise.
The economic and social impact of chronic brain disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease and other neurodegenerative diseases will become the number one public-health problem worldwide, directly affecting 100 million people by 2050.
Cette page présente les travaux de l'OCDE sur les ressources humaines en science et technologie, et plus particulièrement le projet de l'OCDE / Institut de statistique de l'UNESCO / Eurostat sur les carrières des titulaires de doctorats.
This paper explores the development of the bioplastics sector and its role in national bioeconomy strategies. It finds that bioplastics are at a disadvantage compared to some other biobased products, notably biofuels, that often benefit from preferential treatment. It also notes that greater efforts are needed at the international level as regards standards to avoid creating barriers to international trade in biobased products.
This paper highlights the growth in support for financial instruments for seed and early-stage firms across OECD countries. These instruments include grants, loans and guarantee schemes, tax incentives and equity funds. This increased support is linked to the recent financial crisis and the growing concern about young firms’ access to finance.
Interview with Andrew W. Wyckoff, OECD Director for Science, Technology and Industry on how to drive forward innovation and digital advancement.
Finding new sources of growth right now is tough. And in a time of rising inequality, to do so equitably and fairly is even tougher. Innovation can help, but with budgets stretched to the limit how can governments boost innovation in their economies?
The work of the expert group played an essential role in a process which concluded in July 2013 with the adoption by the OECD Council of the first revisions to the OECD Privacy Guidelines since their original release in 1980. This document identifies a number of issues that were raised but not fully addressed as part of the review process and which could be considered as candidates for possible future study.
La plupart des pays de l’OCDE ont recours aux incitations fiscales pour encourager les entreprises à investir dans la recherche‑développement, dans l’optique de stimuler l’innovation et la croissance économique. Il en est de même dans d’autres pays comme la Chine, l’Inde et l’Afrique du Sud.
In many OECD countries, investment in intangible assets is growing rapidly. In some cases this investment matches or exceeds investment in traditional capital such as machinery, equipment and buildings.