This paper presents the results of data collection across 18 countries and demonstrates that it is possible to produce new policy relevant indicators on public funding of R&D. Initial findings highlight interesting differences across countries in terms of their approaches to R&D funding.
Cette page présente les travaux de l'OCDE sur les ressources humaines en science et technologie, et plus particulièrement le projet de l'OCDE / Institut de statistique de l'UNESCO / Eurostat sur les carrières des titulaires de doctorats.
Around the OECD countries and beyond, there is a proliferation of initiatives in the life sciences to bring together disperse elements of global research and establish an effective virtual infrastructure for open innovation. Their common goal is to leverage innovative capacity by creating interconnected webs of knowledge and exploiting external expertise.
Some such initiatives have as their goal the monetisation and trading of knowledge in the form of intellectual assets. Others seek to create networks for pooling and exchange of knowledge. Together, these initiatives can be referred to as “knowledge networks and markets” (KNMs). This report considers the development of such KNMs and examines the impact of current initiatives and the possible options for governments, working with the private sector, to improve innovation efficiency and effectiveness.
Improving the interoperability of knowledge resources is fundamental to the creation of a necessary shared infrastructure for efficient KNM to emerge, as is related sustainable funding and policy clarity. Governments can play a vital catalytic role in improving the productivity of KNMs through such infrastructure development and encouragement of associated social networking. the report makes suggestions for some priority actions based on existing case studies.
This report analyses initiatives in a number of countries through which end-users are notified by ISPs when their computer is identified as being compromised by malicious software and encouraged to take action to mitigate the problem.
The emerging "green" economy is a "smarter" economy that has increased demand for ICT-skilled jobs not only in the ICT sector, but more rapidly across the wider non-ICT economy.
Le Secrétaire général de l’OCDE, M. Angel Gurría a lancé aujourd’hui la publication Perspectives des transports 2012 dans le cadre du Sommet annuel réunissant les ministres des Transports de 53 pays Membres à Leipzig, en Allemagne.
La performance des entreprises et des industries joue un rôle fondamental dans la croissance économique. Dans ce contexte, l'OCDE fournit aux gouvernements des conseils méthodologiques, des statistiques et des analyses sur la productivité, la compétitivité internationale et le changement structurel.
The review of the available data and indicators on GVCs in this paper shows the increasing importance of GVCs in today’s global economy, but at the same time clearly highlights some major shortcomings.
This working paper provides estimates of the economic value created by broadband Internet using measures of new gross domestic product and consumer surplus.