Latest Documents


  • 11-December-2015

    English

    The Future of Productivity

    This book addresses the rising productivity gap between the global frontier and other firms, and identifies a number of structural impediments constraining business start-ups, knowledge diffusion and resource allocation (such as barriers to up-scaling and relatively high rates of skill mismatch).

    Analysis based on micro and industry-level data highlights the importance of reallocation-friendly policies, including well-functioning product, labour and risk capital markets, efficient judicial systems, bankruptcy laws that do not excessively penalise failure, housing policies that do not unduly restrict labour mobility, and improvements in public funding and organisation of basic research which do not excessively favour applied vs basic research and incumbents vs young firms.

  • 17-novembre-2015

    Français

    La gestion du risque de sécurité numérique pour la prospérité économique et sociale - Recommandation de l'OCDE et document d'accompagnement

    Les menaces de sécurité numérique potentiellement lourdes de conséquences économiques sont récemment devenues plus nombreuses et sophistiquées, alors même que l’environnement numérique est devenu un maillon essentiel du fonctionnement de l’économie et un facteur important de croissance, de bien-être et d’inclusivité. Pour profiter pleinement des avantages liés à l’environnement numérique, les parties prenantes doivent absolument cesser d’aborder le risque de sécurité numérique sous un angle technique dissocié de considérations économiques et sociales plus larges. Il leur faut d’urgence intégrer la gestion de ce risque à leurs processus décisionnels en matière économique et sociale. Les responsables de l’action publique doivent également mesurer toute la complexité du risque de sécurité numérique dans ses multiples dimensions, de la prospérité économique et sociale aux activités de police (lutte contre la « cybercriminalité ») en passant par la défense, la sécurité nationale et la sécurité internationale.
    Cette Recommandation de l'OCDE et son document d'accompagnement offrent des orientations sur ces aspects. 
     

  • 10-November-2015

    English

    Workshop on Supply and Demand in the Shipbuilding Industry, 9 November 2015

    This workshop on Supply and Demand in the Shipbuilding Industry aimed at increasing transparency in the market, which is expected, in particular, to provide a better comprehension of the magnitude and the sources of oversupply and overcapacity. This will improve our understanding of certain policies leading to such market distortions.

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  • 20-October-2015

    English

    Creating our Common Future through Science, Technology and Innovation: OECD Daejeon Ministerial Meeting, Korea

    The OECD Committee for Scientific and Technological Policy is holding a Ministerial level meeting in Daejeon, Korea on 20-21 October 2015.

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  • 19-octobre-2015

    Français

  • 8-October-2015

    English

    Frascati Manual 2015 - Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development

    The internationally recognised methodology for collecting and using R&D statistics, the OECD's Frascati Manual is an essential tool for statisticians  and science and innovation policy makers worldwide. It includes definitions of basic concepts, data collection guidelines, and classifications for compiling R&D statistics.  This updated edition contains improved guidelines reflecting recent changes in the way R&D takes place and is funded and the wider use of R&D statistics and definitions. It provides new chapters dedicated to the pratical aspects of collecting R&D data in different sectors, as well as new guidance on capturing different aspects of public support for R&D such as tax incentives.

  • 7-octobre-2015

    Français

    Mesurer les Échanges en Valeur Ajoutée : Une initiative conjointe de l'OCDE et de l'OMC

    L'initiative conjointe de l'OCDE et de l'OMC pour la mesure du commerce extérieur en valeur ajoutée a pour but de remédier au comptage multiple qui est implicite dans les mesures classiques de flux commerciaux bruts, et de s'intéresser plutôt à la valeur ajoutée par les pays (au travers de la rémunération du travail, des taxes et des profits) dans la production des biens ou services exportés.

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  • 6-October-2015

    English

    Data-driven innovation for growth and well-being

    Greater access and use of data creates a wide array of policy issues, such as privacy and consumer protection, open data access, skills and employment, and measurement to name a few. The OECD is undertaking extensive analysis on the role of data in promoting innovation, growth and well-being.

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  • 6-October-2015

    English

    Data-Driven Innovation - Big Data for Growth and Well-Being

    Today, the generation and use of huge volumes of data are redefining our “intelligence” capacity and our social and economic landscapes, spurring new industries, processes and products, and creating significant competitive advantages. In this sense, data-driven innovation (DDI) has become a key pillar of 21st-century growth, with the potential to significantly enhance productivity, resource efficiency, economic competitiveness, and social well-being.

    Greater access to and use of data create a wide array of impacts and policy challenges, ranging from privacy and consumer protection to open access issues and measurement concerns, across public and private health, legal and science domains. This report aims to improve the evidence base on the role of DDI for promoting growth and well-being, and provide policy guidance on how to maximise the benefits of DDI and mitigate the associated economic and societal risks.

  • 28-September-2015

    English

    Boosting Malaysia's National Intellectual Property System for Innovation

    In order to attain its objective of becoming a high-income economy by 2020, Malaysia is engaged in efforts to enhance the performance of its innovation system. A range of challenges need to be addressed and different policy tools can help in this respect. For this purpose the national intellectual property (IP) system can play a pivotal role. This review assesses how Malaysian's national IP system promotes innovation and offers recommendations to improve the design of the system. It does so by analysing the organisation and governance of Malaysia's IP system as well as opportunities and challenges for different local users - ranging from small businesses to frontier companies and public research institutions. Moreover, the review discusses the state of IP markets in Malaysia and related policies and provides a comprehensive set of statistics describing the use of IP in Malaysia in recent years.

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