Partager

Latest Documents


  • 30-October-2019

    English

    Measuring Tax Support for R&D and Innovation

    Governments worldwide increasingly rely on tax incentives in addition to direct support measures (e.g. grants) to promote R&D in firms and encourage innovation and economic growth. The OECD has developed experimental methodologies and a detailed database on R&D tax incentives with the latest indicators on the cost and information on the design and scope of R&D tax incentives.

    Related Documents
  • 30-octobre-2019

    Français

    L’intelligence artificielle dans la société

    Le paysage technique de l’intelligence artificielle (IA) s’est métamorphosé depuis 1950, lorsqu’Alan Turing s’interrogeait pour la première fois sur la capacité des machines à penser. Aujourd’hui, l’IA transforme les économies et les sociétés. Elle promet de générer des gains de productivité, d’améliorer le bien-être et de contribuer à apporter des solutions aux défis mondiaux que sont, par exemple, le changement climatique, l’épuisement des ressources et les crises sanitaires. Cependant, à l’heure où ces applications sont adoptées à travers le monde, leur utilisation soulève un certain nombre d’interrogations et de difficultés ayant trait, entre autres, aux valeurs humaines, à l’équité, à la détermination humaine, à la protection de la vie privée, à la sécurité et à la responsabilité. Le présent rapport contribue à faire émerger une compréhension commune de l’IA, sous sa forme actuelle et dans son évolution à court terme, à travers des relevés du paysage technique, économique, pratique et réglementaire de l’IA et la mise en évidence de grandes considérations de politique publique. Il contribue également à un débat coordonné et cohérent entre les diverses enceintes nationales et internationales.
    Also AvailableEgalement disponible(s)
  • 29-October-2019

    English

    Key nanotechnology indicators

    Indicators include nanotech firms, nanotech R&D, public sector R&D expenditure and nanotechnology patents.

    Related Documents
  • 25-October-2019

    English

    OECD Reviews of Digital Transformation: Going Digital in Colombia

    OECD Reviews of Digital Transformation: Going Digital in Colombia analyses recent developments of the digital economy in the country, reviews policies related to digitalisation and makes recommendations to increase policy coherence in this area. The report examines recent developments in infrastructures for the digital economy, telecom markets and related regulations and policies in Colombia. It reviews trends in the use of digital technologies by individuals, businesses and the government, and examines policies to foster diffusion. The report also examines opportunities and challenges raised by digitalisation for production, innovation, jobs and skills.The report reconsiders these policies in relation to their coherence among different domains and in order to foster synergies across government ministries, levels and institutions, based on the integrated policy framework of the OECD's Going Digital: Making the Transformation Work for Growth and Well-being project.
  • 25-October-2019

    English

    Shaping the Digital Transformation in Latin America - Strengthening Productivity, Improving Lives

    This report discusses policies and approaches to spur sustainable and inclusive digital transformation in the LAC region across seven action areas: enhancing access to digital technologies; strengthening their effective use; enabling digital innovation; ensuring quality jobs for all; promoting an inclusive digital society; strengthening trust; and fostering market openness. The report also aims to contribute to the preparation of an action plan that will support the region’s efforts to reap the benefits of the digital transformation.This publication was prepared to support the discussions of the OECD Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Programme’s Third Ministerial Summit on Productivity 'Harnessing the Digital Transformation to Boost Productivity in in Latin America and the Caribbean'. It draws on OECD work on carried out in the context of the Going Digital project, as well as a range of work specific to the LAC region, such as the OECD-IDB report Broadband Policies for Latin America and the Caribbean, the OECD Reviews of Telecommunication Policies in Mexico and Colombia, and the OECD Going Digital Reviews of Colombia and Brazil.
  • 21-October-2019

    English

    #ReactToRecalls: Global awareness campaign on product recalls

    Consumer reaction to product recalls remains low in most jurisdictions, some achieving response rates as low as 3%. Over 20 countries are taking part in the October 2019 international awareness campaign to help consumers bridge the gap between being aware of a recall and reacting to it, and to increase business understanding of how to effectively communicate recalls to consumers.

    Related Documents
  • 17-October-2019

    English

    Governance of science and technology policies

    This report provides learnings from 13 case studies on governance mechanisms of national and supranational science, technology and innovation initiatives.

    Related Documents
  • 17-October-2019

    English

    Policy initiatives for health and the bioeconomy

    This document presents and compares 12 policy initiatives from OECD countries with a focus on policy objectives, target groups, sectoral priorities, budget, time horizon, selection criteria, international collaboration, and evaluation of the initiatives.

    Related Documents
  • 17-October-2019

    English

    Innovation support in the enterprise sector: Industry and SMEs

    This paper outlines major policy trends in public support of innovation activities in industry and SMEs across OECD countries. It discusses the policy mix to strengthen business R&D and innovation, and possible avenues to improve this mix in response to evolving needs, driven new trends in technology and other factors.

    Related Documents
  • 17-October-2019

    English

    Policy initiatives to enhance the impact of public research: Promoting excellence, transfer and co-creation

    Policies to boost the impact of public research can be classified into three broad categories. This paper illustrates the variety of options available within each type of policy, based on a review of 12 case studies across nine countries. The analysis looks at design options, budgets, implementation challenges, international scope, evaluation practices and lessons learnt from these policy initiatives.

    Related Documents
  • << < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 > >>