S’appuyant sur les toutes dernières données comparables au plan international, Science, technologie et industrie : Tableau de bord de l’OCDE 2013 met en évidence les atouts des pays de l’OCDE et d’autres économies de premier plan, et examine les difficultés qui continuent de se poser pour surmonter les effets des récentes crises financière et économique. Cette publication présente les indicateurs classiques utilisés pour suivre l’évolution de la science, de la technologie, de l’innovation et de l’industrie, auxquels s’ajoutent des indicateurs nouveaux et expérimentaux qui apportent un éclairage neuf sur des domaines intéressant l’action publique.
Leading mobile platform providers have recently taken steps to improve transparency on how applications access personal data but more can be done to inform users and give them the ability to limit access. This paper provides an overview of the app economy and identifies emerging policy issues related to competition, consumer protection and skills development.
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In very simple terms, smart specialisation suggests that countries or regions should identify and select a limited number of priority areas for knowledge-based investments, focusing on strengths and comparative advantages. This report uses case studies to illustrate how smart specialisation can be used to design better public policies for boosting innovation-driven growth in OECD regions. It also examines governance and evaluation.
This report describes recent trends in government and institutional level policies to enhance the transfer and exploitation of public research. It also benchmarks a set of countries, universities and public research institutions based on both traditional and new indicators.
This paper presents the findings of a survey of 25 countries. It provides a snapshot of current national or regional policy and research programmes designed to stimulate the growth of nanotechnology applications in diverse sectors of the economy while addressing the potential risks and the ethical and social challenges the technology might raise.
This paper explores the development of the bioplastics sector and its role in national bioeconomy strategies. It finds that bioplastics are at a disadvantage compared to some other biobased products, notably biofuels, that often benefit from preferential treatment. It also notes that greater efforts are needed at the international level as regards standards to avoid creating barriers to international trade in biobased products.
This paper highlights the growth in support for financial instruments for seed and early-stage firms across OECD countries. These instruments include grants, loans and guarantee schemes, tax incentives and equity funds. This increased support is linked to the recent financial crisis and the growing concern about young firms’ access to finance.
Interview with Andrew W. Wyckoff, OECD Director for Science, Technology and Industry on how to drive forward innovation and digital advancement.
Finding new sources of growth right now is tough. And in a time of rising inequality, to do so equitably and fairly is even tougher. Innovation can help, but with budgets stretched to the limit how can governments boost innovation in their economies?
The work of the expert group played an essential role in a process which concluded in July 2013 with the adoption by the OECD Council of the first revisions to the OECD Privacy Guidelines since their original release in 1980. This document identifies a number of issues that were raised but not fully addressed as part of the review process and which could be considered as candidates for possible future study.