La complexité croissante et l’incohérence des réglementations relatives aux essais cliniques allongent les délais, augmentent les coûts et conduisent en définitive à une diminution du nombre d’essais internationaux conduits par des structures académiques à des fins non commerciales.
The future will be inherently knowledge-based. Are we moving in the right direction? What must we know to be able to get there? Understanding knowledge-based capital is an important first step.
Better connectivity is significantly related to higher levels of local digital content creation, and countries with more Internet infrastructure are also those which produce more local digital content. Countries with more international connectivity have lower domestic broadband prices, and countries with better domestic infrastructure have lower international bandwidth prices.
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This report addresses a number of policy-relevant themes around innovation and inclusive development. It provided background reflection for a conference on the topic organised by the OECD and South Africa’s Department for Science and Technology on 21 November 2012 in Cape Town.
This report shows that despite the financial crisis, business-to-consumer e-commerce has grown steadily across the OECD, spurred by the spread of mobile devices, easy-to-use payment mechanisms and participative web tools such as price comparisons or consumer ratings. Trust in e-commerce, however, remains challenged by many issues.
This OECD Review of Innovation Policy for Sweden offers a comprehensive assessment of Sweden's innovation system, focusing on the role of government. It provides concrete recommendations on how to improve policies that affect innovation performance, including R&D policies, and identifies good practices from which other countries can learn.
This April 2012 workshop provided a forum for critically evaluating the different risk assessment practices being used in various jurisdictions while gathering the views of stakeholders from governments, businesses, consumers and academia.
In 2017 a household with two teenagers will have 25 Internet connected devices. In 2022 this will rise to 50, compared with only 10 today. In households in the OECD alone there will be 14 billion connected devices, up from 1.7 billion today and this doesn’t take into account everything outside the household and outside the OECD. All this leads to the smart world discussed in this paper.
L'initiative conjointe de l'OCDE et de l'OMC pour la mesure du commerce extérieur en valeur ajoutée a pour but de remédier au comptage multiple qui est implicite dans les mesures classiques de flux commerciaux bruts, et de s'intéresser plutôt à la valeur ajoutée par les pays (au travers de la rémunération du travail, des taxes et des profits) dans la production des biens ou services exportés.
This paper presents a new edition of the project's technical guidelines including methodological guidelines, a core model questionnaire and instruction manual, and the output tables used for reporting data at the international level and related definitions.