This report describes recent trends in government and institutional level policies to enhance the transfer and exploitation of public research. It also benchmarks a set of countries, universities and public research institutions based on both traditional and new indicators.
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As the number of people affected from dementia continues to climb across the world as populations age, the cost for health systems rises too. OECD countries account for nearly half the global cases of dementia today and have a particular responsibility in addressing this challenge.
This paper presents the findings of a survey of 25 countries. It provides a snapshot of current national or regional policy and research programmes designed to stimulate the growth of nanotechnology applications in diverse sectors of the economy while addressing the potential risks and the ethical and social challenges the technology might raise.
Productivity is a key source of economic growth and competitiveness and, as such, we need internationally comparable measures for assessing economic performance. The OECD Compendium of Productivity Indicators 2013 presents a comprehensive overview of recent and longer term trends in productivity levels and growth in OECD countries. It also highlights some of the key measurement issues faced when compiling cross-country
Since 1962, the OECD Working Party of National Experts on Science and Technology Indicators (NESTI) has been responsible for developing and updating the Frascati Manual, the OECD guidelines for measuring R&D. This page provides some background and invites feedback in view of the Manual's next revision.
This paper explores the development of the bioplastics sector and its role in national bioeconomy strategies. It finds that bioplastics are at a disadvantage compared to some other biobased products, notably biofuels, that often benefit from preferential treatment. It also notes that greater efforts are needed at the international level as regards standards to avoid creating barriers to international trade in biobased products.
This paper highlights the growth in support for financial instruments for seed and early-stage firms across OECD countries. These instruments include grants, loans and guarantee schemes, tax incentives and equity funds. This increased support is linked to the recent financial crisis and the growing concern about young firms’ access to finance.
Interview with Andrew W. Wyckoff, OECD Director for Science, Technology and Industry on how to drive forward innovation and digital advancement.
Finding new sources of growth right now is tough. And in a time of rising inequality, to do so equitably and fairly is even tougher. Innovation can help, but with budgets stretched to the limit how can governments boost innovation in their economies?
The work of the expert group played an essential role in a process which concluded in July 2013 with the adoption by the OECD Council of the first revisions to the OECD Privacy Guidelines since their original release in 1980. This document identifies a number of issues that were raised but not fully addressed as part of the review process and which could be considered as candidates for possible future study.