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Measurement and analysis of income inequality has long been a topic of OECD work and seized renewed attention with the OECD’s Better Life Initiative. Measuring distributions across dimensions above and beyond income (health, education, etc.) are also at the heart of the OECD’s How’s Life? statistical agenda and form a prominent recommendation in the Stiglitz-Sen-Fitoussi report.
This second edition of Understanding National Accounts, that provides a comprehensive explanation of how national accounts are compiled, contains new data and new chapters, and is adapted to the new systems of national accounts, SNA 2008 and ESA 2010, that came into effect in September 2014. It approaches national accounts from a truly global perspective, with special chapters dedicated to international comparisons, globalisation and well-being as well as to the national systems used in major OECD economies, such as the United States.
Each chapter of the manual uses practical examples to explain key concepts in national accounts in a clear and accessible way. And, each chapter concludes with a synthesis of key points covered in the chapter, followed by resources for further exploring the topic, and by a set of exercises to test your knowledge. It is an ideal guide to national accounts for students and other interested readers.
The OECD has updated its key textbook explaining how economic activity is monitored and measured.
Le taux d’emploi de l’OCDE stable à 65.6% au deuxième trimestre 2014
La reconstitution des stocks, principal moteur de croissance du PIB de l’OCDE au deuxième trimestre de 2014
Le taux de chômage de la zone OCDE en baisse à 7.3% en août 2014
Les indicateurs composites avancés signalent un ralentissement de la croissance dans la zone euro et une croissance stable dans la plupart des autres grandes économies
How was life in 1820, and how has it improved since then? What are the long-term trends in global well-being? Views on social progress since the Industrial Revolution are largely based on historical national accounting in the tradition of Kuznets and Maddison. But trends in real GDP per capita may not fully reflect changes in other dimensions of well-being such as life expectancy, education, personal security or gender inequality. Looking at these indicators usually reveals a more equal world than the picture given by incomes alone, but has this always been the case? The new report How Was Life? aims to fill this gap. It presents the first systematic evidence on long-term trends in global well-being since 1820 for 25 major countries and 8 regions in the world covering more than 80% of the world’s population. It not only shows the data but also discusses the underlying sources and their limitations, pays attention to country averages and inequality, and pinpoints avenues for further research.
The How Was Life? report is the product of collaboration between the OECD, the OECD Development Centre and the CLIO-INFRA project. It represents the culmination of work by a group of economic historians to systematically chart long-term changes in the dimensions of global well-being and inequality, making use of the most recent research carried out within the discipline. The historical evidence reviewed in the report is organised around 10 different dimensions of well-being that mirror those used by the OECD in its well-being report How’s Life? (www.oecd.org/howslife), and draw on the best sources and expertise currently available for historical perspectives in this field. These dimensions are:per capita GDP, real wages, educational attainment, life expectancy, height, personal security, political institutions, environmental quality, income inequality and gender inequality.
La publication PIE fournit des statistiques comparatives donnant un aperçu des développements économiques récents par le biais d'une large variété d'indicateurs économiques à court terme.
L’inflation annuelle dans la zone OCDE baisse légèrement à 1.8% en août 2014