• 21-May-2019


    Tackling Vulnerability in the Informal Economy

    A majority of workers in the world are informally employed and contribute to economic and social development through market and non-market activities that are not protected, regulated, well-recognised or valued. This study provides an in-depth diagnosis of informality and the vulnerability prevailing in the informal economy. It explores new ideas to improve the lives of workers in the informal economy based on the ILO indicators of informality and the new OECD Key Indicators of Informality based on Individuals and their Household (KIIbIH).The report contributes in four ways to the global debate on the transition from the informal to the formal economy: 1) by examining the multiple faces of informality in a large sample of countries representing diverse conditions, locations and stages of development; 2) by presenting new empirical evidence on the links between informality and the development process; 3) by assessing risks and vulnerabilities in the informal economy, such as poverty and occupational risks, which can be mitigated with social protection and appropriate risk management instruments; 4) by showing that the transition to formality is a complex issue that touches on a wide range of policy domains.
  • 20-May-2019


    Measuring Distance to the SDG Targets 2019 - An Assessment of Where OECD Countries Stand

    The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set a broad and ambitious programme for the world to achieve by 2030. With 17 Goals, underpinned by 169 Targets, the complex and integrated nature of the 2030 Agenda presents national governments with huge challenges for implementation. To assist countries, the OECD has developed a unique methodology allowing comparison of progress across SDG goals and targets. Based on the UN Global List of 244 indicators, this study evaluates the distance that OECD countries need to travel to meet SDG targets for which data is currently available. This 2019 edition of the study presents the latest results for OECD countries, both on average and individually, as well as new exploratory approaches to assessing progress over time and transboundary aspects of the SDGs. By providing a high-level overview of countries’ strengths and weaknesses in performance across the SDGs, this study aims to support member countries in navigating the SDGs and in setting their own priorities for action within the broad 2030 Agenda.
  • 18-May-2019


    Informality and Poverty in Zambia - Findings from the 2015 Living Standards and Monitoring Survey

    As Zambia plans for extending social protection coverage, this high level of informality will be an important challenge for the social protection system, in particular in terms of coordinating both non-contributory social assistance mechanisms and contributory social insurance programmes. This report on informality and poverty presents useful and critical information to support comprehensive policy dialogue on suitable interventions for extension of coverage by providing in-depth analyses of the socioeconomic characteristics of informal workers and analyzing the relationship between household welfare and formal/informal employment status of household members. For the first time this study provides a detailed distributional analysis of welfare and wellbeing levels of informal workers in Zambia.
  • 15-May-2019


    SIGI 2019 Regional Report for Eurasia

    Over the past decade, the Social Institutions and Gender Index (SIGI) has consistently shown that governments need to look at discriminatory laws, social norms and practices to achieve gender equality and promote women’s empowerment. This 2019 regional report provides an overview of the main outcomes of the SIGI in 12 Eurasian countries in relation to women and the family, their physical integrity, access to productive and financial resources and their civic rights, as well as the economic cost they represent. Building on these outcomes, the report provides a set of tailored regional policy recommendations to enhance Eurasia's governmental efforts to deliver their gender-equality commitments through a three-pronged approach: legal reforms and transformative gender policies, laws through community mobilisation and empowerment, and policy efficiency through accountability and monitoring.
  • 7-May-2019


    Investing in Youth: Finland

    The series Investing in Youth builds on the expertise of the OECD on youth employment, social support and skills. It covers both OECD countries and key emerging economies. The report on Finland presents new results from a comprehensive analysis of the situation of young people in Finland, exploiting various sources of survey-based and administrative data. It provides a detailed assessment of education, employment and social policies in Finland from an international perspective, and offers tailored recommendations to help improve the school-to-work transition. Earlier reviews in the same series have looked at youth policies in Brazil (2014), Latvia and Tunisia (2015), Australia, Lithuania and Sweden (2016), Japan (2017), Norway (2018) and Peru (2019).
  • 6-May-2019

    English, PDF, 1,131kb

    Lessons from the EU-SPS Programme: Optimising the role of development partners for social protection

    This paper examines how donors and development partners have supported developing countries in establishing social protection systems. It charts the evolution of social protection across Africa, Asia and Latin America since the 1990s and analyses how donors have both responded to and contributed to this trajectory.

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  • 6-May-2019

    English, PDF, 1,330kb

    Lessons from the EU-SPS Programme: Implementing social protection strategies

    This paper provides guidance for moving from social protection strategies to their implementation. It highlights the potential of a social protection system in generating synergies but also recognizes the challenges in terms of weaving together instruments of social protection to not only tackle poverty and vulnerability but also strengthen inclusive social development.

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  • 6-May-2019

    English, PDF, 1,377kb

    Lessons from the EU-SPS Programme: Monitoring and evaluating social protection systems

    This paper provides guidance on developing robust monitoring and evaluation (M&E) systems as tools to assess the effectiveness and potential areas of improvement of social protection systems.

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  • 4-mai-2019


    L’ascenseur social en panne ? Comment promouvoir la mobilité sociale

    Ce rapport propose des données inédites sur la mobilité sociale, alors que les inégalités de revenu et des chances se creusent dans les pays de l'OCDE et dans certaines économies émergentes. Il couvre les aspects ayant trait à la fois à la mobilité sociale entre les parents et leurs enfants et à la mobilité individuelle sur l’échelle des revenus tout au long de la vie, ainsi que leurs déterminants. Le rapport montre que la mobilité sociale d’une génération à l’autre est limitée au regard des différentes dimensions que sont les revenus, l’éducation, l’emploi et la santé, le constat étant identique s’agissant de la mobilité individuelle sur l’échelle des revenus au cours de l’existence. On observe notamment une absence de mobilité au bas et au sommet de l’échelle sociale – avec des phénomènes de « planchers adhérents » limitant les possibilités d’ascension sociale et de « plafonds adhérents » associés à une monopolisation des opportunités au sommet de l’échelle. L’absence de mobilité sociale a des répercussions aussi bien économiques que politiques, sans compter les effets qu’elle engendre à l’échelle de la société. Le rapport montre que les pouvoirs publics peuvent agir pour améliorer la mobilité dans nos sociétés et pour protéger les ménages des effets négatifs provoqués par les chocs enregistrés au niveau des revenus. Il examine les options et les mesures à la disposition des responsables de l’action publique afin d’améliorer la mobilité sociale entre les générations et au sein de ces dernières.
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  • 2-May-2019

    English, PDF, 8,075kb

    Can Social Protection Be an Engine for Inclusive Growth?

    This report challenges us to think deeply about the economic rationale for social protection investments through an inclusive development lens. It helps us understand the links between social protection, growth and inequality; how to measure those links empirically; social protection’s impact on inclusive growth; and how to build a more solid economic case for greater social protection investments

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