Publications & Documents


  • 15-July-2014

    English

    Overcoming vulnerabilities of unemployment insurance schemes

    Unemployment insurance is a key tool for risk sharing and redistribution and also a prominent automatic stabiliser. It is a volatile spending item by design, which can lead to vulnerabilities. This paper explores various shocks and sources of vulnerability of the unemployment insurance schemes of OECD and BRIICS countries.

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  • 15-July-2014

    English

    Comparing the robustness of PAYG pension schemes

    This paper provides a framework for comparing a defined benefit (DB) and a defined contribution (DC) point schemes, which are both pay-as-you go (PAYG) financed.

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  • 15-July-2014

    English

    Overcoming vulnerabilities of health care systems

    This paper investigates the vulnerabilities of health care systems in OECD and BRIICS countries to adverse secular trends and large macroeconomic shocks.

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  • 28-May-2010

    English

    The OECD Innovation Strategy - Getting a Head Start on Tomorrow

    Well-timed and targeted innovation boosts productivity, increases economic growth and helps solve societal problems. But how can governments encourage more people to innovate more of the time? And how can government itself be more innovative?

    The OECD Innovation Strategy provides a set of principles for fostering innovation in people (workers and consumers), in firms and in government. It takes an in-depth look at the scope of innovation and how it is changing, as well as where and how it is occurring. The result is the formulation of far-reaching policies for innovation using recent research and data.

    For more information about the OECD Innovation Strategy, see www.oecd.org/innovation/strategy.

    "a thoughtful new report on how governments can do better at spurring and measuring innovation."  -The Economist

  • 16-September-2009

    English, Excel, 250kb

    Policy Brief: Helping Workers Weather the Economic Storm

    The world economy is in a severe economic downturn with potentiallydire consequences for workers and their families. The ultimate dimensionsof this crisis are not yet known, but it is already clear that it will be thedeepest recession of the post-war era for the OECD area.

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  • 26-June-2013

    English

    Assessing the efficiency of welfare spending in Slovenia with data envelopment analysis

    This paper derives estimates of the efficiency of welfare spending in Slovenia and the other OECD countries from data envelopment analysis based on model specifications used in earlier OECD studies.

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  • 15-July-2014

    English

    Overcoming vulnerabilities of pension systems

    Demographic developments are unfavourable for the financing of pension schemes in most OECD countries, implying continued growth in pension expenditure in virtually all OECD countries. This paper examines the vulnerability of pension systems, with an emphasis on financial sustainability and adequacy.

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  • 16-September-2009

    English, Excel, 309kb

    Policy Brief: In-Work Poverty: What can Governments do?

    While work is often the best pathway out of poverty, employment does notalways guarantee an adequate living standard. At the outset of the currenteconomic downturn, the risk of in-work poverty was significant in mostOECD countries.

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  • 24-May-2012

    English

    Promoting inclusive growth: Challenges and policies

    How to design appropriate policies to strengthen growth and make it inclusive and sustainable over time? The policy issues highlighted in this volume - financial development,social policies, innovation, regulation and political economy issues - are relevant to all countries.

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  • 30-April-2015

    English

    Taxing Wages 2015

    Taxing Wages provides unique information on the taxes paid on wages in OECD countries. It covers personal income taxes and social security contributions paid by employees; social security contributions and payroll taxes paid by employers and cash benefits paid by in-work families. The purpose is to illustrate how these taxes and benefits are calculated in each member country and to examine how they impact on household incomes. The results also enable quantitative cross-country comparisons of labour cost levels and the overall tax and benefit position of single persons and families on different levels of earnings.

    The publication shows this information for eight household types which vary by income level and household composition and the results reported include the marginal and average tax burdens for one and two earner families and the total labour costs of employers. These data are widely used in academic research and in the preparation and evaluation of social and economic policy making.

    Taxing Wages 2015 includes a special feature entitled: ‘Modelling the tax burden on labour income in Brazil, China, India, Indonesia and South Africa.'

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