This report develops a framework of social unrest within a complex understanding of systemic risk. The goal is to try to identify triggers (events that lead to social unrest) and drivers (causal roots) for the emergence of social unrest and, based on this functional analysis, to design policy options on how to avoid, mitigate or handle unrest. The framework should enable a better understanding of the circumstances that may trigger social unrest, how intensely that unrest is likely to materialize and what interventions promise to de-escalate the conflict or even prevent social unrest in the first place. Since social unrest is more a process of escalation than a finite state of the world, the term has been conceptualized in a step-by-step escalation scheme. Each step makes social unrest more severe. It is a gradual framework that identifies the different stages that make social unrest more and more probable. In order to identify relevant drivers and cluster of drivers, three case studies are investigated: pandemics, cyber-related risk and financial crises. The main question is how did or could these events cause social unrests. In a second step, an analytic model is used to capture the combined effects learned from the case study analysis. In a third step,the IRGC risk governance model for explaining the risk of social unrest or predicting the consequences of social unrest is applied. Finally , guidelines for normative governance with respect to social unrest are developed.
On the request of the G20, the OECD, in co-operation with other international organisations, provides technical analysis to help evaluate the appropriateness of the reforms nominated by countries, and the progress towards implementing those reforms.
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Almost four years since the onset of the global financial and economic crisis, unemployment and underemployment remain stubbornly high in many G20 countries, and many workers remain trapped in low-paid, often informal, jobs with little social protection.
La Corée doit s’attacher à inverser le creusement des inégalités tout en soutenant une croissance économique vigoureuse.
In Israel, income inequality has risen substantially over the past three decades, from already high levels. To reverse this trend, policy makers should promote high quality and inclusive education, but also labour-market and social-policy measures.
Ce livre résume les conseils de l'OCDE pour la France sous plusieurs thématiques tels que la croissance économique, la cohésion sociale, le marché du travail, la scolarité, l’innovation, la concurrence, les retraites, la politique fiscale, le système financier, le logement, le développement durable, l'immigration et la santé.
Meeting of National Economic Research Organisations, OECD Headquarters, 18 June 2012
L’une des priorités immédiates des pouvoirs publics consiste à faire reculer rapidement le chômage afin de limiter les problèmes sociaux et de réduire les risques d’une montée du chômage structurel.
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Dans les économies de l'OCDE, les investissements et la croissance sont de plus en plus souvent déterminés par les actifs intellectuels.
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Breaking down barriers to gender equality in education, employment and entrepreneurship would create new sources of economic growth and help make better use of everyone’s skills, according to this new OECD report.