Job displacement (involuntary job loss due to firm closure or downsizing) affects many workers over their lifetime. Displaced workers may face long periods of unemployment and, even when they find new jobs, tend to be paid less and have fewer benefits than in their prior jobs. Helping them get back into good jobs quickly should be a key goal of labour market policy. This report is part of a series of nine reports looking at how this challenge is being tackled in a number of OECD countries. It shows that the United States has a relatively high rate of job displacement and that only one in two affected workers find a new job within one year. Older displaced workers and those with a low level of education fare worst. Contrary to most other OECD countries, displaced workers have long been a target group for policy intervention, and a number of system features, like rapid response services, are promising. But the success of US policies is limited because overall funding for the workforce development system is insufficient and because only trade-related job displacement comes with generous entitlement for training and better benefits.
Cette réunion de deux jours rassemblera pouvoirs publics, industries extractives, société civile et groupes de réflexion. Elle sera l’occasion de progresser dans les travaux relevant des différents axes de travail, conformément à la feuille de route convenue lors de la Sixième réunion du Dialogue sur les politiques, les 22-23 Juin 2016.
English, PDF, 600kb
The OECD Policy Dialogue on Natural Resource-based Development will have a two-day meeting, in order to bring together representatives of governments, extractive industries, civil society and think tanks and will afford opportunities to advance the work under the different Streams of Work, according to the roadmap agreed upon at the Sixth Meeting of the Policy Dialogue on 22-23 June 2016.
The conference will gather evidence on whether, to what extent and why the middle-class is, or is perceived to be, lagging behind in many countries; what is driving the real or perceived changes in its economic performance; what is its economic and political influence and what policies work in reaching out to the middle-class.
Français, PDF, 883kb
Les réformes visant à accroître la flexibilité des marchés sont-elles porteuses d’instabilité en matière d’emploi ? À l’aide de données individuelles tirées d’enquêtes harmonisées menées auprès des ménages dans 26 pays avancés, cet article analyse les effets que peuvent avoir les réformes du marché du travail et du marché des produits sur les transitions professionnelles.
Français, PDF, 996kb
Pour comprendre l’économie politique d’une réforme réglementaire, il est important de savoir qui seront les gagnants et qui seront les perdants.
English, PDF, 473kb
This study investigates how making product or labour market regulation more flexible changes workers’ risks of moving out of employment and jobless people’s chances of becoming employed.
Français, PDF, 843kb
Cet article présente des données quantitatives concernant les flux de main-d’oeuvre sur le marché du travail dans 25 pays de l’OCDE. Les enquêtes sur lesquelles il repose présentent l’avantage de fournir des informations mensuelles sur les transitions entre emploi, chômage et inactivité au niveau individuel.
Reforms that boost growth by enhancing economic flexibility often meet strong opposition related to concerns that they may imply adverse consequences for categories of workers. This study investigates how making product or labour market regulation more flexible changes workers’ risks of moving out of employment and jobless people’s chances of becoming employed.
The costs of a persistent misalignment between the supply and demand for skills are substantial, ranging from lost wages for workers to lower productivity for firms and countries. Addressing skills imbalances has become even more of a concern as OECD governments reflect on the implications of technological progress, digitisation, demographic change and globalisation for jobs and work organisation. In light of these challenges, OECD has undertaken new research to shed light on how countries measure changing skill needs while ensuring that employment, training and migration institutions are responsive to the emergence of new skill requirements. The Getting Skills Right in Sweden review offers an in-depth analysis of the key areas where policy action is required to spur the development of an efficient system for skills assessment and anticipation to inform policy in the country. The report provides an assessment of practices in the following areas: i) the collection of information on existing and future skill needs; ii) the use of skill needs information to guide policy development in the areas of labour, education and migration; and iii) the existence of effective governance arrangements to ensure good co-ordination among the key stakeholders in the collection and use of skill needs information.