This paper presents an overview of the situation of youth in OECD countries since the financial crisis, describing the characteristics and living conditions of young NEETs. It provides data on income-support policies for young people, and summarises available evidence on the impact of interventions that aim at improving the social, education and employment situation of the most disadvantaged youth.
The challenge before us is clear. It is no longer possible for us to think about inequalites and growth separately. We need to promote more Inclusive Growth to ensure the recovery and lay the foundations for a shared and affluent future.
Financing UN Security Council Resolution 1325: Aid in support of gender equality and women’s rights in fragile contexts. In October 2015, the international community will mark 15 years since the adoption of United Nations Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325. This was the first landmark decision to place women’s interests and concerns at the centre of the international peace and security agenda.
Governments from all regions of the world have placed a high priority on achieving gender equality and empowering women and girls as a central ambition of the post 2015 sustainable development agenda. Ambitious financing will be needed to turn political aspirations into a reality.
Going for Growth is the OECD’s flagship report on structural policies. The purpose of Going for Growth is to help governments setting a reform agenda to improve citizens’ well-being. It has been instrumental in helping G20 countries to develop growth strategies to raise their combined gross domestic product (GDP) by 2% over baseline projections by 2018 – as agreed by G20 Leaders in Brisbane last year.
L’activité économique des femmes, dans la main-d’oeuvre ou comme entrepreneurs, est faible au regard de pays comparables et a diminué ces dix dernières années, malgré une solide croissance. L’écart par rapport au taux d’activité des hommes est supérieur à 50 %, soit le plus élevé parmi les principales économies émergentes.
OECD countries are developing strategies to improve the quality of life of those affected by dementia and to support long-term efforts for a disease-modifying therapy or cure. The OECD jointly hosted an international workshop in Toronto with the Ontario Brain Institute (OBI) and the Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation (IHPME), University of Toronto on 14-15 September 2014. The aim of the workshop was to advance international discussion of the opportunities and challenges, as well as successful strategies, for sharing and linking the massive amounts of population-based health and health care data that are routinely collected (broad data) with detailed clinical and biological data (deep data) to create an international resource for research, planning, policy development, and performance improvement. The workshop brought together leading researchers and academics, industry and non-government experts to provide new insights into the opportunities and challenges in making “broad and deep” data a reality – from funding to data standards, to data sharing, to new analytics, to protecting privacy, and to engaging with stakeholders and the public. Government leadership and public-private partnership will be needed to create and sustain big data resources, including financing for data infrastructure and incentives for data sharing.
Environ les deux tiers des personnes âgées ne bénéficient d’aucune pension et le niveau du revenu minimum pour les personnes âgées se situe sous le seuil de pauvreté nationale. Une réforme en profondeur du système des retraites réduirait la pauvreté des personnes âgées et les inégalités.
La faible espérance de vie en Inde s’expliquant largement par la mortalité liée à des maladies évitables, les gains les plus notables au plan sanitaire seront réalisés grâce à des mesures de prévention généralisées.
The report examines the distributional effects of value-added tax (VAT) and excise tax systems in 20 OECD countries, and investigates the effectiveness of reduced VAT rates as a redistributional tool.