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  • 15-octobre-2020

    Français

    Changer les lois et éliminer les obstacles à l’autonomisation économique des femmes : Égypte, Jordanie, Maroc et Tunisie

    À l’heure où de nombreux pays de la région MENA cherchent à accélérer leur croissance économique et à construire des sociétés plus stables et plus ouvertes, ce rapport soutient qu’une plus grande autonomisation économique des femmes est l’une des clés pour atteindre ce double objectif. Il affirme qu’en dépit des difficultés rencontrées par certains pays pour garantir aux femmes un accès égal aux opportunités économiques, des progrès sont en cours et peuvent être renforcés par des actions politiques ciblées, inclusives et coordonnées. S’appuyant sur les conclusions d’un premier rapport de suivi publié en 2017, le présent rapport analyse les réformes législatives, politiques et institutionnelles récentes en faveur de l’autonomisation économique des femmes en Égypte, en Jordanie, au Maroc et en Tunisie et cherche à identifier les facteurs de réussite qui ont contribué à ancrer ces réformes. Il fournit par ailleurs des exemples concrets et des outils pratiques à l’intention des décideurs politiques pour les aider à transformer les politiques publiques en actions efficaces pour l’autonomisation économique des femmes.
  • 30-septembre-2020

    Français

    Hors d’atteinte ? La route vers l’intégration des personnes LGBTI

    Veiller à ce que les personnes LGBTI (c’est-à-dire les personnes lesbiennes, gays, bisexuelles, transgenres et intersexes) puissent vivre librement sans être victimes de discrimination ou d’agressions est un enjeu de portée mondiale. La discrimination à l’encontre des personnes LGBTI reste omniprésente, et représente un coût colossal. Elle entrave l’investissement dans le capital humain en raison du harcèlement scolaire dont sont victimes les jeunes LGBTI. Elle dégrade également les performances économiques en excluant les talents LGBTI du marché du travail et en minant leur santé mentale, donc leur productivité. Ce rapport dresse un panorama complet des législations visant à assurer l’égalité de traitement des personnes LGBTI dans les pays de l’OCDE, et des mesures complémentaires propres à favoriser cette évolution. Il définit, dans un premier temps, le cadre législatif et réglementaire indispensable à l’intégration des minorités sexuelles et de genre dans les domaines des libertés publiques, de la protection contre les discriminations et les violences, et de la santé. Il passe ensuite en revue les pays de l’OCDE pour déterminer si ces lois sont déjà en vigueur, et étudie les possibilités d’amélioration éventuelles. Pour finir, le rapport examine les mesures plus générales qui devraient accompagner les lois en faveur de l’intégration des personnes LGBTI afin de renforcer ce processus.
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  • 24-September-2020

    English

    The Future for Low-Educated Workers in Belgium

    The world of work is changing as a result of technological progress, globalisation and population ageing. The future of work holds many opportunities, but also presents distinct risks which tend to be greater for some population sub-groups, including low-educated workers. This report documents how the labour market for low-educated workers in Belgium has evolved in recent years and what the future might hold for them in terms of both job quality and quantity. Based on comparisons with neighbouring countries, the report seeks to provide policy advice to ensure that low-educated workers are not left behind by the changes that lie ahead.
  • 22-September-2020

    English

    Meeting of Experts on the establishment of a Global Fund "Social Protection for All"

    Never before have our social protection systems faced such a test. Millions of workers have lost their jobs since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic. Many more have fallen into inactivity or are working partial hours.

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  • 18-September-2020

    English

    Equal Pay International Coalition calls to prioritize pay equity in COVID-19 recovery with support from Megan Rapinoe

    To mark the first International Equal Pay Day, the Equal Pay International Coalition (EPIC) called all leaders to take necessary steps to ensure pay equity is at the heart of COVID-19 recovery efforts worldwide.

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  • 11-September-2020

    English

    Beyond Growth - Towards a New Economic Approach

    We are facing a series of converging planetary emergencies linked to the environment, the economy, and our social and political systems, but we will not meet these challenges using the tools of the last century. We need to rethink the role of the economy in improving the well-being of people and the planet. As the world’s leading intergovernmental forum on economic policy, the OECD has a central role to play in creating a new economic narrative. OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría therefore invited a high-level group of experts to contribute their proposals on what needs to change in economic policy and policymaking. This report summarises their conclusions. The Advisory Group argues that we need to go beyond growth, to stop seeing growth as an end in itself, but rather as a means to achieving societal goals including environmental sustainability, reduced inequality, greater wellbeing and improved resilience. This requires updating the philosophy, tools and methods underpinning the analysis that influences economic decision-making. Drawing on developments across the modern field of economics and political economy, the report argues for a new approach which recognises the rootedness of economic systems and behaviour in the relationship between people, social institutions and the environment.
  • 10-September-2020

    English

    Laureates and Leaders for Children Summit

    The pandemic is harming the health, social and material well-being of all children worldwide and the most vulnerable children are suffering the most. While saving lives is a priority during a pandemic, school closures, social distancing and confinement widen inequalities between children.

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  • 10-September-2020

    English

    Housing and Inclusive Growth

    Housing is key to inclusive growth. It is the biggest spending item of household budgets, the main driver of wealth accumulation and biggest source of debt for most households. Housing and the neighbourhood in which people live also have important implications for individual health, employment and educational outcomes – effects that can begin in childhood and can last a lifetime. Nevertheless, the housing market may also present a barrier to inclusive growth for some groups, such as low-income households, children, youth, seniors and the homeless. The COVID-19 pandemic has highlighted even more abruptly just how important housing issues are to people, and prompted governments to introduce a range of emergency housing supports. However, the pandemic has also underscored the need for governments to develop more structural responses to address persistent housing challenges. This report assesses the key underlying pre-COVID-19 housing policy issues and proposes a series of recommendations to support more inclusive housing outcomes. These include measures to address some of the structural barriers to inclusive growth in the housing market, as well as measures to address the specific housing challenges facing vulnerable groups.
  • 2-September-2020

    English

    OECD Newsletter on Health, Employment, Migration and Social Affairs

    The OECD regularly publishes newsletters featuring the latest publications, analysis and opinion on Health, Employment, Migration and Social Affairs. Find out how to subscribe here.

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  • 2-September-2020

    English

    All Hands In? Making Diversity Work for All

    OECD societies have become increasingly diverse in the past decades, offering new opportunities if diversity is properly managed. Ensuring that OECD countries are equipped to make the most of diversity by fully utilising all talent among diverse populations and promoting inclusive labour markets is a key challenge. Both businesses and governments are responding to this challenge with policies to strengthen the inclusion of diverse groups in the workplace and labour markets. This report considers five key groups who are widely considered disadvantaged in the labour market and society at large and who often face discrimination based on their group membership: immigrants, their descendants and ethnic minorities; LGBT people; older people; people with disabilities; and women. It assesses: i) how the inclusion of these groups in OECD labour markets has evolved over time, ii) the evidence on how diversity affects economic outcomes; and iii) which policies countries have implemented and what is known about their effectiveness.
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