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  • 28-January-2019

    English

    Saving Costs in Chemicals Management - How the OECD Ensures Benefits to Society

    The chemical industry is one of the largest industrial sectors in the world and is expected to grow fourfold by 2060. Indeed modern life without chemicals would be inconceivable. Given the potential environmental and human health risks from exposure to chemicals, governments and industry have a major responsibility to ensure that chemicals are produced and used safely.The OECD assists countries in developing and implementing policies and instruments that protect human health and the environment, and in making their systems for managing chemicals as efficient as possible. To eliminate duplication of work and avoid non-tariff barriers to trade, emphasis has been on developing shared frameworks for gathering and assessing information on potential chemical risks. The time-tested OECD Mutual Acceptance of Data (MAD) system provides a major basis for generating savings to governments and industry. This report provides an overview of the benefits and estimates the total savings from OECD work to be more than EUR 309 million per year.
  • 9-décembre-2018

    Français

    Les politiques d'intégration des immigrés se sont améliorées mais des difficultés subsistent

    L’intégration des immigrés et de leurs enfants sur le marché du travail s’est amélioré dans de nombreux pays ainsi que leurs conditions de vie. Il ressort cependant d’un nouveau rapport conjoint OCDE-UE que de nombreuses difficultés persistent et que les compétences que les immigrés apportent avec eux restent largement inexploitées, entravant à la fois la croissance économique et l’inclusion sociale.

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  • 3-December-2018

    English

    Financial Incentives and Retirement Savings

    Are tax incentives the best way to encourage people to save for retirement? This publication assesses whether countries can improve the design of financial incentives to promote savings for retirement. After describing how different countries design financial incentives to promote savings for retirement in funded pensions, the study calculates the overall tax advantage that individuals may benefit from as a result of those incentives when saving for retirement. It then examines the fiscal cost of those incentives and their effectiveness in increasing retirement savings, and looks into alternative approaches to designing financial incentives. The study ends with policy guidelines on how to improve the design of financial incentives to promote savings for retirement, highlighting that depending on the policy objective certain designs of tax incentives or non-tax incentives may be more appropriate.
  • 3-December-2018

    English

    OECD Pensions Outlook 2018

    The 2018 edition of the OECD Pensions Outlook examines how pension systems are adapting to improve retirement outcomes. It focuses on designing funded pensions and assesses how different pension arrangements can be combined taking into account various policy objectives and risks involved in saving for retirement. It looks at how countries can improve the design of financial incentives, and presents policy guidelines on aligning charges and costs of providing funded pensions.This edition also draws lessons from nationally significant investment institutions on strengthening the governance, investment policies and investment risk management of pension funds. It provides guidelines on improving retirement incomes considering behavioural biases and limited levels of financial knowledge, and discusses the implications of mortality differences on retirement incomes across different socioeconomic groups. Lastly, it examines whether survivor pensions are still needed.
  • 27-novembre-2018

    Français

    La riposte à la crise aurait été plus vigoureuse si l’on avait disposé de meilleurs indicateurs

    De meilleures données sur l’économie et le bien-être de la population auraient amené les pouvoirs publics à adopter une action plus musclée pour lutter contre les conséquences de la crise financière de 2008 et l’érosion constante de la confiance dans les institutions, d’après les conclusions d’un nouveau rapport.

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  • 12-novembre-2018

    Français

  • 18-October-2018

    English

    Energy Subsidy Reform in the Republic of Moldova - Energy Affordability, Fiscal and Environmental Impacts

    This report looks at the fiscal, environmental and social impacts of energy subsidy reform in Moldova with a particular focus on energy affordability. Reduced value added tax (VAT) rate on natural gas consumption and a VAT exemption on electricity and heat consumption by domestic users represent the largest fossil-fuel consumer subsidies in Moldova. Reforming these will imply an increase of the VAT rate, which will lead to an increase of gas, electricity and heat tariffs for households, and will in turn affect household consumption levels, related expenditures and energy affordability. If reform measures are to work, they will need to be accompanied by a carefully-designed social policy to protect poor households.
  • 26-septembre-2018

    Français

    Des dirigeants mondiaux et de grandes entreprises s’engagent à réduire les écarts de salaire entre hommes et femmes d’ici 2030

    Aujourd’hui, des dirigeants mondiaux représentant des gouvernements, des entreprises du secteur privé, des syndicats et la société civile, se sont engagés à agir concrètement pour réduire l’écart de rémunération entre hommes et femmes.

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  • 18-septembre-2018

    Français

    Les risques d'automatisation des emplois varient considérablement suivant les régions à l'intérieur des pays

    Le risque d'automatisation des emplois est nettement plus élevé dans certaines régions que dans d'autres à l'intérieur des pays, ce qui implique que les pouvoirs publics devront prendre des mesures en cas de creusement des inégalités entre les territoires en matière d'emploi au cours des années à venir, selon un nouveau rapport de l'OCDE.

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  • 21-August-2018

    English

    OECD Tax Policy Reviews: Slovenia 2018

    This report is part of the OECD Tax Policy Reviews. The Reviews are intended to provide independent, comprehensive and comparative assessments of OECD member and non-member countries’ tax systems as well as concrete recommendations for tax policy reform. By identifying tailored tax policy reform options, the objective of the Reviews is to enhance the design of existing tax policies and to support the adoption of new reforms.This report provides a comprehensive tax policy assessment of the taxes paid by individuals in Slovenia as well as tax reform recommendations. The report is divided into six chapters, with a summary of the main findings upfront, followed by more detailed recommendations at the end of chapters 3 to 6.  Chapter 1 sets the scene for tax reform in Slovenia. Chapter 2 focuses on the labour market, social policy and tax policy related challenges. The ensuing chapters assess the financing of the social security system (Chapter 3), identify strategies to strengthen the design of personal income tax (Chapter 4), indirect taxes (Chapter 5), and the taxation of capital income at the individual level (Chapter 6).
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