Despite numerous improvements in women’s educational and employment outcomes, many countries have not achieved gender equality in economic opportunities and outcomes.
Recognising the importance of gender equality, the OECD has embarked on a Horizontal Project in Gender Equality in three areas key to economic opportunity: Education, Employment and Entrepreneurship.
The OECD’s Gender Initiative is a project to strengthen gender equality in education, employment and entrepreneurship (the “three Es”) – three key dimensions of economic opportunities.
There are four pillars to the work conducted under the initiative:
- develop more detailed knowledge on why barriers to gender equality in the “three Es” persist and on the importance of gender equality for a stronger and fairer economy
- establish standard indicators to measure progress in closing gender gaps
- collect collecting better and more comparable data on gender gaps entrepreneurship in order to build up an OECD database in this area
- draw conclusions for policymakers, to contribute to designing better evidence-based policies for achieving gender equality and promote an exchange of best practices and policy transferability between OECD countries and emerging economies.
The Final Report to the OECD Ministerial Council Meeting on the Gender Initiative was presented in May 2012. This followed an Interim Report which was presented at the 2011 OECD Ministerial Council Meeting, in May 2011.
The gender report for the MCM 2012 consists of 24 concise policy-oriented chapters of 4-6 pages each, structured in 4 broad gender equality sections on 1) the Economic case, social norms and public policies; 2) Education; 3) Employment and 4) Entrepreneurship.
Chapter topics include: “The economic case for gender equality”, “How to keep young girls and boys in school?”, “Sciences versus Humanities”, “Gender diverse, balanced boards”, “Supporting parents in juggling work and family”, “Characteristics of women entrepreneurs” and “Access to credit”.
Additional outputs on the Gender Initiative will be published during the course of 2012:
- Publication on Gender Equality in Education, Employment and Entrepreneurship, expected by the end of 2012.
- One-stop data portal for indicators on gender equality in employment, education and entrepreneurship
The Initiative is a joint effort involving and drawing upon the expertise of many directorates within the OECD. It will be led by the Social Policy Division in the Employment, Labour and Social Affairs (ELS) Directorate; Education Directorate; Statistics Directorate; Directorate for Financial and Enterprise Affairs; Directorate of Public Governance and Territorial Development; Directorate for Science, Technology and Industry; the Centre for Entrepreneurship, SMEs and Local Development; the Development Centre, and the Development Co-operation Directorate.
OECD Gender Initiative