Documents

 

The SWAC's work builds on various analytical studies, policy papers, briefing notes and presentations. The following section presents a selection of relevant documents on global land acquisitions in Africa and related issues.

 

Analytical studies | Policy papers | Briefing notes | Presentations 

 

 

Quelques études et déclarations récentes 

Ce document réunit des études menées par la Coalition internationale pour l'accès à la terre (ILC), l'Institut international pour l'environnement et le développement (IIED), l'Organisation des Nations unies pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture (FAO) et le Secrétariat du Club du Sahel et de l'Afrique de l'Ouest (CSAO/OCDE) sur l'acquisition des terres, les enjeux fonciers et la sécurité alimentaire en Afrique de l'Ouest. Il présente également des déclarations récentes des acteurs politiques aux niveaux régional et international. Un glossaire complète cette compilation offrant des définitions de principaux termes techniques. 

> téléchargez ce document

 

  Points de vue ouest-africains : articles et entretiens

Ce document a été réalisé par un réseau des journalistes ouest-africains. Sous forme d'articles et d'entretiens, il fait un point des enjeux liés à l'acquisition des terres dont le droit foncier dans 12 pays de la région. Il met en exergue les risques et les opportunités des investissements nationaux ou étrangers, et leurs impacts sur les populations locales.

Summary record, SWAC/OECD meeting, 9 December 2009

Bringing together all concerned actors/institutions, the Bamako meeting highlighted, on the one hand, diverging analyses and positions, reflecting the diversity of views among the participants. On the other hand, it paved the way for pragmatic, consensual solutions and proposals for joint actions in West Africa. Drawing on outcomes of these exchanges, this summary record highlights key messages and outlines some proposals for action.

> English version  | > French

Analytical Studies

  

Land grab or development opportunity?

Agricultural investment and international land deals in Africa

Lorenzo Cotula, Sonja Vermeulen, Rebeca Leonard, James Keeley

Published: Jun 2009 - IIED, FAO and IFAD

> also see: briefing notes

 

The report draws on a literature review, on qualitative interviews with key informants internationally, on national inventories of ongoing and proposed land acquisitions (>1000 ha) since 2004 in five African countries (Ethiopia, Ghana, Madagascar, Mali and Sudan) and qualitative studies in Mozambique and Tanzania. It also builds on legal analysis of national law and of a small sample of investor-state contracts.

Increasing commercial pressure on land: Building a coordinated response

ILC Secretariat, Discussion paper, by Michael Taylor and Tim Bending

July 2009

This paper takes stock of current understandings of, and responses to, commercial pressures on land by organisations within and beyond ILC’s membership. It outlines key current initiatives to engage with the phenomenon; comments on recent trends in land transactions; discusses ten myths that are commonly associated with ‘land grabbing’; outlines key emerging concerns that responses to the phenomenon should address; and puts forward some key considerations and questions for building a coordinated response.

 

The growing demand for land: Risks and opportunities for smallholder farmers

IFAD, Governing Council, 18-19 February 2009


This paper provides an overview of the emerging phenomenon, its trends and drivers. It reflects on the challenges associated with these trends and on their possible implications for rural communities, both in terms of risks and opportunities. Finally, it suggests some options for good practices that could enable smallholder farmers and rural communities – in particular, poorer people – to actually benefit from the growing global demand for food, feed and agro-fuel and to partner with private and public stakeholders in the food and energy sectors without alienating their rights to and control over their land and
territories.

 

Policy papers & Recommendations

A set of core principles and measures to address the human rights challenge

by Mr. Olivier de Schutter, UN Special Rapporteur on the right to food, June 2009

Large-scale acquisitions and leases are one of the key new trends that emerged out of the 2008 global food crisis. Some major food importing capital exporting countries have indeed lost confidence in global markets as a stable and reliable source of food for their national food security. The Special Rapporteur analyses how these investments could have impacts on the right to food. He highlights how international human rights law could provide guidance to ensure that these investment agreements contribute to the realization of the human right to adequate food and proposes as a minimum a set of core principles and measures for host States and investors alike.

 

Development Policy Stance on the Topic of Land Grabbing – the Purchase and Leasing of Large Areas of Land in Developing Countries

German Federal Ministry for Economic Co-operation and Development (BMZ)

June 2009

 

Recognizing that land is increasingly becoming a good that is traded internationally, this BMZ position paper analyses driving forces, risks and opportunities for developing countries. It calls for more consistent use fo international law and promotes support to ongoing processes for the elaboration of international guidelines and policies.

 

Gouvernance foncière et sécurisation des droits dans les pays du Sud

Livre blanc des acteurs français de la Coopération

Juin 2009

Ce livre blanc est l’aboutissement de travaux du comité technique Foncier et Développement, coprésidé par le représentant de la direction de la Politique de développement du ministère des Affaires étrangères et européennes et par le représentant de l’Agence française de développement. Sa préparation a donné lieu à des débats, des échanges et des consultations entre experts français travaillant sur la question foncière dans les pays du Sud, en 2007 et 2008.
  Parliamentary action to ensure global food security

Resolution adopted by consensus by the 121st IPU Assembly

Geneva, 21 October 2009

Briefing notes

‘Land grabs’ in Africa: can the deals work for development?

IIED, September 2009

This briefing note draws on outcomes of the analytical study on "Land Grab or Development Opportunity?". It highlights trends and drivers in international land acquisitions and identifies policy recommendations to promote "good/fair deals" which benefit the local populations.

Information Brief: Foreign direct investment in land

GTZ

This note provides an overview of large-scale FDI in land in Africa and Asia. It outlines the GTZ's position calling for a coherent policy for improved land management and proposes concrete measures to be taken by development co-operations.

From Land Grab to Win-Win, Seizing the Opportunities of InternationalInvestments in Agriculture

FAO, Briefing note 4, June 2009

Foreign acquisitions of farmland in Africa and elsewhere have become the focus of concern. Many observers consider them a new form of colonialism that threatens food security of the poor. However, investments could be good news if the objectives of land purchasers are reconciled with the investment needs of developing countries.


 

  Against the grain: The new farm owners

GRAIN, October 2009

This briefing note analyses recent large-scale land transactions and the role of finance capital. Corporate investors lead the rush for control over overseas farmland. It argues that the new investors are not interested in sustainable development but exclusively focus on maximizing profits which poses a threat to local food security. Support for small farmers efforts is needed to ensure real food sovereignty.

Presentations

Quelle est la portée et l’interprétation de ces principes dans le processus de négociation des réformes des lois foncières et agraires burkinabé ?

Réunion du CSAO/OCDE, Bamako, 9 décembre 2009

par Mahamoudou Kiemtoré, Membre de la Commission interministérielle chargée de la rélecture des textes portant sur la réorganisation agraire et foncière (RAF) au Burkina Faso

La politique de Mali Biocarburant concernant la production des cultures énergétiques

Réunion du CSAO/OCDE, Bamako, 9 décembre 2009

par Hugo Verkuijl, CEO Mali Biocarburant

Les acquisitions des terres, points de vue des acteurs locaux, synthèse des premiers résultats d'une étdue SNV dans cinq pays ouest-africains

Réunion du CSAO/OCDE, Bamako, 9 décembre 2009

par SNV

BioFuel Africa activities in Ghana

SWAC/OECD meeting, Bamako, 9 December 2009

by Steinar Kolnes, CEO co-founder BioFuel Africa Ltd.

  

International investment in developing country agriculture - what are the issues?

FAO, 29 September 2009
Presented within the roundtable on Promoting Responsible International Investment in Agriculture.

 

Creating a Knowledge Platform and Toolkit for Addressing Questions onInvestment in Agriculture: The Opportunity, Challenge and Way Forward

UNCTAD, 29 September 2009
Presented within the roundtable on Promoting Responsible International Investment in Agriculture.

 

Securing Land Tenure and Improving Livelihoods:Towards a Set of Principles for Responsible Agro-investment

World Bank, 29 September 2009

Presented within the roundtable on Promoting Responsible International Investment in Agriculture.

 

 

 

 

Also Available