Kazakhstan and the OECD
A GROWING PARTNERSHIP
|Kazakhstan Minister of National Economy, Mr. Timur Suleimenov (left) and OECD Secretary General, Angel Gurría (right) signed a new Memorandum of Understanding on 21 November 2018 at Eurasia Week, in Paris, France.||
Latest news: 21 November 2018
On the final day of Eurasia Week 2018, the OECD Secretary-General Angel Gurría and Kazakhstan’s Minister of National Economy, Mr. Timur Suleimenov, signed a new Memorandum of Understanding between the OECD and Kazakhstan, which will provide a framework for co-operation over the years to come.
In January 2015, the OECD and Kazakhstan embarked on a two-year programme of structured co-operation, the OECD Kazakhstan Country Programme, which supported Kazakhstan’s reform efforts across a wide range of policy domains. The Country Programme was extended until the end of 2018. It has provided the framework for carrying out several dozen OECD projects with the country and has provided an opportunity for Kazakhstan to increase its participation in a number of OECD committees and their subsidiary bodies. Kazakhstan has also adhered to a growing number of OECD instruments under the Programme.
The new agreement, which runs until end-2022, provides a framework for further co-operation and reflects the commitment of both the OECD and Kazakhstan to build on the success of the Country Programme.
THE COUNTRY PROGRAMME & BEYOND
Under the Country Programme, the OECD and Kazakhstan have worked together to advance Kazakhstan’s reforms in order to combine sustained economic growth with social inclusion, strengthen competitiveness and diversify the domestic economy, increase the effectiveness of public institutions, and achieve better environmental outcomes. Additionally, the Programme has provided a framework for promoting OECD standards in the wider Central Asia region, which has been an explicit aim of the Country Programme from its inception.
In view of this progress and building on this continuous relationship, the OECD and Kazakhstan signed a new Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to structure their co-operation over the next years.
The MoU will provide Kazakhstan and the OECD with a framework for their work together on a wide range of policy challenges, including, among many others:
- public governance and anti-corruption
- green growth and environment policy
- fiscal affairs
- health, employment and social inclusion
- education and skills
- competitiveness, investment and business climate
- competition, state ownership and privatisations.
Latest OECD Publications on Kazakhstan
|Reform of the Mining Sector in Kazakhstan: Investment, Sustainability, Competitiveness (2018)
This report offers an analysis of Kazakhstan’s recent efforts to improve the policy framework for the mining sector, with a focus on the new Code on Subsoil and Subsoil Use. It highlights recent improvements but also identifies gaps and challenges still to be addressed if Kazakhstan is to realise the potential of its hard mineral resource endowments.
This volume presents an overview of the work done in the main areas covered by the first phase of the OECD-Kazakhstan Country Programme in 2015-2017, assessing both progress made and the challenges ahead with respect to public governance, economic reform, green growth and social policy. It also considers the linkages between these various strands of policy, in an effort to derive cross-cutting lessons for the future and to present a more integrated understanding of Kazakhstan’s reforms.
This report assesses how Kazakhstan measures up in the development and application of its national health accounts, delivering a set of recommendations to improve the country’s health care financing information. As Kazakhstan has made significant economic progress over recent decades, health has risen on the policy agenda with a number of sector reforms introduced to modernise the system and improve the health of the population. Informing this agenda and monitoring progress towards health system goals requires accurate, timely and comprehensive information on health care financing and spending. A clear understanding of the resource allocations and drivers in the health sector is a prerequisite to support health system performance in Kazakhstan.
- Review on Small and Medium-sized Enterprises and Entrepreneurship Issues and Policies (30 November 2018) – part of the KCP
- Towards a More Effective, Strategic and Accountable State in Kazakhstan (2017)
- Decentralisation and Multi-level Governance in Kazakhstan (2017)
- Gender Policy Delivery in Kazakhstan (2017)
- Towards an Open Government in Kazakhstan (2017)
- Promoting Clean Urban Public Transportation and Green Investment in Kazakhstan (2017)
- Early Childhood Education and Care, Staff Recruitment and Retention: A Review for Kazakhstan (2017)
- National Urban Policy Review (2017) – part of the KCP
- Higher Education in Kazakhstan 2017
- OECD Integrity Scan of Kazakhstan: Preventing Corruption for a Competitive Economy (2017) – part of the KCP
- Building Inclusive Labour Markets in Kazakhstan: A Focus on Youth, Older Workers and People with Disabilities (2017)– part of the KCP
- OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Kazakhstan 2017
- OECD Investment Policy Reviews: Kazakhstan 2017 – part of the KCP
- OECD Territorial Reviews: Kazakhstan (2017)
Participation in OECD Bodies
Kazakhstan participates in the work of many OECD Committees, Working Parties and other bodies, including actively in a dozen of them. For instance, the country has become a Participant in the Competition Committee (2016), the Committee on Statistics and Statistical Policy (2016), and the Working Party on State Ownership and Privatisation Practices (2016), and an Associate in the Investment Committee(for the work related to the Declaration). It has also joined the OECD’s Base Erosion and Profit-Shifting (BEPS) Project (2016), an initiative involving over 100 countries in an effort to tackle tax avoidance strategies that exploit gaps and mismatches in tax rules to artificially shift profits to low or no-tax locations.
Kazakhstan participates in numerous other OECD activities and projects, including:
- Anti-Corruption Network for Eastern Europe and Central Asia
- OECD Eurasia Competitiveness Programme
- Green Action Programme
- OECD Development Centre
- Global Forum on Agriculture (GFA)
- Global Forum on Transparency and Exchange of Information for Tax Purpose (GFTEOI).
Statistics from Kazakhstan are also gathered in OECD platforms including:
- PARIS 21 Partnership in Statistics for Development in the 21st century
- Multi-Dimensional Review of Kazakhstan – Initial findings
- Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA).
Additional Forms of Engagement
From 2012 to 2016, Kazakhstan served as co-chair of the OECD Eurasia Competitiveness Programme’s Central Asia Initiative. In 2017, it became the first country in the region to host the OECD Eurasia Week, a ministerial-level event that serves as a platform for a discussion on a broad spectrum of thematic issues relevant to further improving the region’s competitiveness.
Key Events and Meetings
- OECD Eurasia Week 2018: Drawing the Lessons, Shaping the Future, Paris, France, 19-21 November 2018
- OECD Eurasia Week 2017: Openness for Shared Prosperity, Almaty, Kazakhstan, 23-25 October 2017
- OECD Day at EXPO 2017, Astana, Kazakhstan, 11 July 2017 English | Pусский
- OECD Ministerial Council Meeting (MCM), Paris France, 7-8 June 2017
- Bilateral meeting between OECD Secretary General, Mr. Angel Gurría and Prime Minister of Kazakhstan, Mr. Karim Massimov, Davos, Switzerland, 22 January, 2015