Statistics Working Paper N. 80, 2017/4 - Combining the largest and most detailed cross-country sample of official national statistics on explicit CIF-FOB margins to date with estimates from an econometric gravity model, and using a novel approach to pool product codes across HS vintages, this paper presents the new OECD Database on International Transport and Insurance Costs (ITIC) and describes the methodology used in its construction.
L'OCDE collecte et diffuse des statistiques annuelles sur les échanges internationaux des services pour tous les pays de l'OCDE, selon les pays partenaires, et détaillées par catégories de services.
Statistics on the role of these different types of firms in Global Value Chains (GVCs) are essential to facilitate policy making and to provide insights in the nexus between international trade, international investment, and production. The OECD has therefore started a work-stream that extends the Trade in Value Added (TiVA) dataset by breaking down industries into new categories of firms, including SMEs and MNEs.
The rapid increase in global value chains (GVCs) in the last two decades, in response to falling communication costs and reductions in trade barriers, has in large part been fuelled by large and multinational enterprises. But across the OECD, 99.8% of enterprises are classified as SMEs, very few of which engage in international trade.
Questionnaires related to trade in services statistics
The OECD has developed a new Database on International Transport and Insurance Costs (ITIC) which shows that distance, natural barriers and infrastructure continue to play an important role in shaping regional (and global) value chains.
Conventional international trade statistics offer a picture of trade flows between countries, broken down by types of goods and services. While this is an important input for trade analyses, these data do not offer insights into the actors, or the types of firms, that are actually engaged in cross-border trade. The OECD Trade by Enterprise Characteristics (TEC) data do provide such information.
The workshop will discuss the first results of the OECD Secretariat’s work on integrating FDI statistics into the analysis of Global Value Chains (OECD-WTO Trade in Value Added Initiative) to better account for foreign ownership.
La base de données sur les échanges internationaux de services rassemble les statistiques sur les échanges internationaux de services au niveau le plus détaillé disponible de pays partenaires. Elle présente une ventilation par pays partenaires de toutes les catégories de services de la classification EBOPS, dans la limite de ce que les pays déclarants sont en mesure de fournir.
Current account balance, exports and imports of goods and services (millions $US). The series are updated continuously.