Although services account for a growing share of international trade, in-depth (policy) analyses of global trade in services are often hampered by incomplete and asymmetric bilateral statistics. To mitigate these problems, the OECD and WTO, in collaboration with national statistical offices and central banks, have built a coherent and comprehensive global dataset of bilateral trade in services flows.
To properly understand global trade patterns we need high quality, consistent and harmonised statistics on international merchandise trade. Currently available statistics, however, fall short of this standard. In theory the exports of country A to country B should mirror the imports of country B from country A, but in practice this is rarely the case.
The OECD and the WTO have developed a transparent methodology to create a global dataset of coherent bilateral trade in services statistics by main services categories.
Evidence on the role played by investment in global value chains (GVCs) can assist policy work on GVCs, trade, investment and development. Drawing on new and improved measures of trade and investment, these country notes provide relevant statistical information from OECD databases on trade, investment, the activities of multinational enterprises and global value chains.
Current Trade in Value Added (TiVA) estimates have significant time lags. To address this issue and meet the high demand for more timely TiVA estimates, the OECD has developed a ‘now-casting’ approach to generate indicators for more recent periods.
La base de données STAN sur les échanges bilatéraux présente des valeurs d'exportations et d'importations de biens, exprimeés en dollars des É-U et ventilées par branche d'activité et type d'utilisation finale pour l'ensemble des pays de l'OCDE et un grand nombre d'économies non membres.
Statistics Working Paper N. 80, 2017/4 - Combining the largest and most detailed cross-country sample of official national statistics on explicit CIF-FOB margins to date with estimates from an econometric gravity model, and using a novel approach to pool product codes across HS vintages, this paper presents the new OECD Database on International Transport and Insurance Costs (ITIC) and describes the methodology used in its construction.
The rapid increase in global value chains (GVCs) in the last two decades, in response to falling communication costs and reductions in trade barriers, has in large part been fuelled by large and multinational enterprises. But across the OECD, 99.8% of enterprises are classified as SMEs, very few of which engage in international trade.
Questionnaires related to trade in services statistics
The OECD has developed a new Database on International Transport and Insurance Costs (ITIC) which shows that distance, natural barriers and infrastructure continue to play an important role in shaping regional (and global) value chains.