• 18-December-2015


    Open Educational Resources - A Catalyst for Innovation

    Education is the key to economic, social and environmental progress, and governments around the world are looking to improve their education systems. The future of education in the 21st century is not simply about reaching more people, but about improving the quality and diversity of educational opportunities. How to best organise and support teaching and learning requires imagination, creativity and innovation.
    Open education resources (OER) are teaching, learning and research materials that make use of tools such as open licensing to permit their free reuse, continuous improvement and repurposing by others for educational purposes. The OER community has grown considerably over the past 10 years and the impact of OER on educational systems has become a pervasive element of educational policy
    This report aims to highlight state of the art developments and practices in OER, but also to demonstrate how OER can be a tool for innovation in teaching and learning.

  • 14-décembre-2015


    Perspectives de l'économie numérique de l'OCDE 2015

    L’économie numérique touche désormais un très grand nombre d’aspects de l’économie mondiale, comprenant des secteurs aussi variés que la banque, la vente au détail, l’énergie, le transport, l’éducation, l’édition, les médias ainsi que la santé.

    Les technologies de l’information et des communications transforment la manière dont évoluent les  interactions sociales et les relations personnelles, avec la convergence des réseaux fixes, mobiles et de radiodiffusion et aussi des appareils qui sont de plus en plus connectés pour former l’Internet des objets.
    Cette publication aide les pays à évaluer comment optimiser le potentiel de l’économie numérique en tant que levier d’innovation et de croissance inclusive. Elle examine également les évolutions de l’économie numérique ainsi que les défis émergeants dont les décideurs doivent tenir compte dans le cadre des stratégies numériques nationales. Les chapitres de la publication comprennent un survol de l’état actuel et futur de l’économie numérique; les principales tendances dans le secteur des TIC et les évolutions de la politique publique et de la réglementation des communications; la demande et l’adoption des TIC et les effets de l’économie numérique sur la croissance et le développement. Ce volume contient également un chapitre sur la confiance dans l’économie numérique et un chapitre sur l’Internet des objets.


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  • 11-December-2015


    The Future of Productivity

    This book addresses the rising productivity gap between the global frontier and other firms, and identifies a number of structural impediments constraining business start-ups, knowledge diffusion and resource allocation (such as barriers to up-scaling and relatively high rates of skill mismatch).

    Analysis based on micro and industry-level data highlights the importance of reallocation-friendly policies, including well-functioning product, labour and risk capital markets, efficient judicial systems, bankruptcy laws that do not excessively penalise failure, housing policies that do not unduly restrict labour mobility, and improvements in public funding and organisation of basic research which do not excessively favour applied vs basic research and incumbents vs young firms.

  • 24-November-2015


    Adapting Transport Policy to Climate Change - Carbon Valuation, Risk and Uncertainty

    Transport accounts for nearly a quarter of carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion. The price attached to these emissions is critical to climate policies and emissions mitigation efforts in the sector. As the impact of emissions on climate does not depend on where CO2 is released, the price of carbon should be uniform. In reality, however, it varies immensely, reflecting the complexity of assessing climate impacts.
    This report reviews the three key challenges in considering the effects of carbon dioxide emissions in economic appraisal: the valuation of carbon dioxide emissions, the treatment of uncertainty in climate change and the approach used to discounting future costs and benefits. The report reviews current approaches in selected countries (France, Germany, Japan, The Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States) and provides examples of good practice and recommendations for national and international policy making.


  • 19-octobre-2015


  • 15-October-2015


    Publications in the Series on the Safety of Manufactured Nanomaterials

    The purpose of the OECD Series on the Safety of Manufactured Nanomaterials is to provide up-to-date information on the OECD activities related to nanotechnology.

    Related Documents
  • 14-October-2015


    The Innovation Imperative - Contributing to Productivity, Growth and Well-Being

    Well-timed and targeted innovation boosts productivity, increases economic growth and helps solve societal problems. But how can governments encourage more people to innovate more of the time? And how can government itself be more innovative?

    The OECD Innovation Strategy provides a set of principles to spur innovation in people, firms and government. It takes an in-depth look at the scope of innovation and how it is changing, as well as where and how it is occurring, based on updated research and data.

  • 12-October-2015


    Consensus Documents for the Work on Harmonisation of Regulatory Oversight in Biotechnology

    Through this page you are able to access consensus documents that comprise technical information for use during the regulatory assessment of products of biotechnology and are intended to be mutually recognised among OECD Member countries.

    Related Documents
  • 8-October-2015


    Frascati Manual 2015 - Guidelines for Collecting and Reporting Data on Research and Experimental Development

    The internationally recognised methodology for collecting and using R&D statistics, the OECD's Frascati Manual is an essential tool for statisticians  and science and innovation policy makers worldwide. It includes definitions of basic concepts, data collection guidelines, and classifications for compiling R&D statistics.  This updated edition contains improved guidelines reflecting recent changes in the way R&D takes place and is funded and the wider use of R&D statistics and definitions. It provides new chapters dedicated to the pratical aspects of collecting R&D data in different sectors, as well as new guidance on capturing different aspects of public support for R&D such as tax incentives.

  • 5-October-2015


    Health Data Governance - Privacy, Monitoring and Research

    All countries are investing in health data. There are however significant cross-country differences in data availability and use. Some countries stand out for their innovative practices enabling privacy-protective data use while others are falling behind with insufficient data and restrictions that limit access to and use of data, even by government itself. Countries that develop a data governance framework that enables privacy-protective data use will not only have the information needed to promote quality, efficiency and performance in their health systems, they will become a more attractive centre for medical research. After examining the current situation in OECD countries, a multi-disciplinary advisory panel of experts identified eight key data governance mechanisms to maximise benefits to patients and to societies from the collection, linkage and analysis of health data and to, at the same time, minimise risks to the privacy of patients and to the security of health data. These mechanisms include coordinated development of high-value, privacy-protective health information systems, legislation that permits privacy-protective data use, open and transparent public communication, accreditation or certification of health data processors, transparent and fair project approval processes, data de-identification and data security practices that meet legal requirements and public expectations without compromising data utility and a process to continually assess and renew the data governance framework as new data and new risks emerge.

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