This project has reviewed how current measurement frameworks capture the broad range of innovation activities in firms, and in particular how design activities are reflected. It highlights which concepts, definitions and measurement approaches can be used to produce policy-relevant indicators on the role of design in innovation.
This working paper sums up the main findings of an OECD project aiming to provide an evidence basis for focusing efforts to improve the measurement of technological and non-technological forms of business innovation, with particular focus on the role of design. It reviews a broad range of novel design-related measures, indicating their advantages and limitations in terms of policy relevance and insights.
Micro-organisms play a fundamental role in the environment. Yet their role is the result of complex biogeochemical processes by consortia of micro-organisms and the function of individual species is not clear in many cases.
This publication provides an overview of the current situation and relevant developments in environmental microbiology, as well as its potential application, which covers: use of micro-organisms for agriculture, production purposes, bioremediation, and cleaning purpose; environmental applications of microbial symbionts of insects; and environmental risk/safety assessment of the deliberate release of engineered micro-organisms.
This event, to be held on 8-9 December 2014 in Paris, seeks to gather cross-country evidence on various aspects of business and innovation dynamics, including new business venture formation, the role of framework conditions, and resource allocation and inclusive growth.
The growing role of the digital economy in daily life has heightened demand for new data and measurement tools. Internationally comparable and timely statistics combined with robust cross-country analyses are crucial to strengthen the evidence base for digital economy policy making, particularly in a context of rapid change. This report presents indicators traditionally used to monitor the information society and complements them with experimental indicators that provide insight into areas of policy interest. The key objectives of this publication are to highlight measurement gaps and propose actions to advance the measurement agenda.
Every month, this newsletter delivers the latest reports, statistics and policy recommendations from the OECD on the translation of science, technology and knowledge into innovation.
Ce rapport contient les conclusions et recommandations d'un atelier OCDE sur la génotoxicité des nanomatériaux. Le sujet principal étant l'applicabilité des lignes directrices de l'OCDE (TG) existantes pour la sécurité chimique aux nanomatériaux.
Ce rapport sur la France compare les performances et le fonctionnement du système français avec ceux d'autres pays, et se base sur les conclusions des travaux thématiques de l'OCDE ainsi que sur environ 30 entretiens conduits avec les principaux acteurs du système français de recherche et d'innovation. Ce système a connu des transformations profondes au cours de la dernière décennie, et le rapport met l'accent sur le "Programme des Investissements d'Avenir", un plan gouvernemental qui vise à dynamiser la recherche et l'innovation et à encourager les réformes de l'ensemble du système.
This book offers a comprehensive assessment of the innovation system of Viet Nam, focusing on the role of government and providing concrete recommendations on how to improve policies that affect innovation and R&D performance.
As in previous years, the goal of the 2014 IPSDM conference is to present the latest empirical evidence based on IP statistics and to discuss these findings with decision-makers from both the private and public sectors. The conference also aims to share cutting-edge knowledge on topics relevant to policy-makers, academics, companies and practitioners.