An ageing population brings new challenges both to healthcare systems and to medicine in terms of the increased manifestation of specific diseases primarily seen in the elderly. Biomedical innovation, and in particular research into "omics technologies", offers the promise of new means of detection, prevention and treatment of age-related disabilities and diseases.
This publication addresses the role of national systems of IP in the socio-economic development of emerging countries, notably through their impact on innovation. It presents a framework that identifies the key mechanisms that enable IP systems to support emerging countries’ innovation and development objectives.
The Innovation Policy Platform (IPP) is a one-of-a-kind web-based interactive space that provides easy access to open data, learning resources and opportunities for collective learning on the design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of locally appropriate innovation policies.
Cet ouvrage aide les pouvoirs publics à mieux définir leurs politiques et à suivre les progrès accomplis dans la science, la technologie, l’innovation et la performance industrielle. Plus de 250 indicateurs mettent en lumière les résultats affichés par l’OCDE et les économies partenaires dans un large éventail de domaines.
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In very simple terms, smart specialisation suggests that countries or regions should identify and select a limited number of priority areas for knowledge-based investments, focusing on strengths and comparative advantages. This report uses case studies to illustrate how smart specialisation can be used to design better public policies for boosting innovation-driven growth in OECD regions. It also examines governance and evaluation.
This report describes recent trends in government and institutional level policies to enhance the transfer and exploitation of public research. It also benchmarks a set of countries, universities and public research institutions based on both traditional and new indicators.
This paper presents the findings of a survey of 25 countries. It provides a snapshot of current national or regional policy and research programmes designed to stimulate the growth of nanotechnology applications in diverse sectors of the economy while addressing the potential risks and the ethical and social challenges the technology might raise.
Since 1962, the OECD Working Party of National Experts on Science and Technology Indicators (NESTI) has been responsible for developing and updating the Frascati Manual, the OECD guidelines for measuring R&D. This page provides some background and invites feedback in view of the Manual's next revision.
This paper explores the development of the bioplastics sector and its role in national bioeconomy strategies. It finds that bioplastics are at a disadvantage compared to some other biobased products, notably biofuels, that often benefit from preferential treatment. It also notes that greater efforts are needed at the international level as regards standards to avoid creating barriers to international trade in biobased products.
Les jeunes entreprises jouent un rôle crucial dans la création d’emplois. L’amélioration des marchés des produits, du travail et des capitaux et une réforme du droit de la faillite leur permettraient de favoriser la croissance de l’emploi et de soutenir la reprise économique, selon un nouveau rapport de l’OCDE.