Publications & Documents


  • 24-juin-2016

    Français

    Manuel de Frascati 2015 - Lignes directrices pour le recueil et la communication des données sur la recherche et le développement expérimental

    Référence méthodologique internationale en matière de recueil et d’exploitation des statistiques de R-D, le Manuel de Frascati de l’OCDE est un outil essentiel pour les statisticiens et les responsables des politiques de la science et de l’innovation du monde entier. Dans cette nouvelle édition du Manuel, les définitions des concepts de base, les lignes directrices sur le recueil des données et les classifications utiles à l’établissement des statistiques de R-D ont été enrichies à la lumière de l’évolution récente des modes d’exécution et de financement de la R-D, et compte tenu du recours accru aux statistiques et définitions de la R-D. Y figurent de nouveaux chapitres traitant d’aspects concrets du recueil des données de R-D dans différents secteurs ainsi que des orientations concernant plusieurs formes de soutien public à la R-D, comme les incitations fiscales.

  • 22-June-2016

    English

    Broadband Policies for Latin America and the Caribbean - A Digital Economy Toolkit

    This joint initiative by the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the OECD seeks to encourage the expansion of broadband networks and services in the region, supporting a coherent and cross-sectorial approach, to maximise their benefits for economic and social development. Drawing on a wealth of experience from LAC and OECD countries, the Toolkit outlines the main policy objectives in this area and provides guidance for their measurement, an overview of developments in the region, and a compilation of good practices in several areas related to broadband policy making. 
    This comprehensive volume encompasses a wealth of areas including digital strategies, regulatory frameworks, spectrum management, competition and infrastructure bottlenecks, broadband access, affordability, sector taxation, inclusion, convergence, regional integration, education, skills, business uptake, entrepreneurship, local content, e-health, digital government, consumer policy, and digital security and privacy.

     

  • 22-June-2016

    English

    Open Government Data Review of Mexico - Data Reuse for Public Sector Impact and Innovation

    Mexico has developed an ambitious national open data policy to create value from the use and re-use of government data by the public, private and social sectors. Open government data (OGD) has the potential to spur the digital economy, as well as contribute to more efficient public service delivery and greater public engagement. Mexico has demonstrated its commitment to OGD through its close involvement in international open data initiatives. However, it faces challenges in effectively implementing OGD domestically in a way that makes a greater impact on the economy and society. This would require, notably, institutionalizing open data, understanding the demand for government data, reaching out to potential users and working more closely with local governments. To fully realise the potential of open data, it is crucial that public bodies understand the benefits, are fully behind the project and actively participate in its implementation. This report provides an analysis of Mexico’s policies as well as recommendations for achieving its national objectives and making the most of OGD.

  • 2-juin-2016

    Français

    Forum de l'OCDE 2016 : Economies productives, sociétés inclusives

    Le Forum 2016, intitulé "Economies productives, sociétés inclusives", s'articulera autour de trois thèmes transversaux, aussi à l'ordre du jour de la Réunion ministérielle : croissance inclusive et productivité, innovation et économie numérique, et coopération entre les pays au service de la mise en œuvre des grands accords et normes internationaux.

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  • 31-May-2016

    English

    We need to talk about digital ethics

    Digital science and technology are at the heart of major economic, social and–in the eyes of some–anthropological shifts. That is why we need to think about the ethics of how these tools are produced and how they are used.

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  • 30-mai-2016

    Français

    Les développeurs, poètes d’un monde meilleur

    Le code est le prochain langage universel. Dans les années 1970, le punk rock a été le moteur de toute une génération, remplacé par l’argent dans les années 1980. Aujourd’hui, l’interface entre notre imagination et le monde est le logiciel.

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  • 6-May-2016

    English

    Symposium on Innovation and Inclusive Growth 2016

    A joint event of the OECD, the World Bank and the Growth Dialogue, this symposium brought together leading experts and policy makers from advanced, emerging and developing economies to discuss the impacts of the main technologies.

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  • 4-May-2016

    English

    OECD Reviews of Innovation Policy: Luxembourg 2016

    This book provides a comprehensive assessment of the innovation policy of Luxembourg. It is the second such OECD review of Luxembourg's innovation system, following an earlier review published in 2007. Since that time, the system has undergone profound change, notably a rapid expansion in the scale and scope of public sector research, which offers new opportunities for Luxembourg, but also new challenges for innovation policy. The review focuses on the role of government and includes concrete recommendations on how to improve policies that affect innovation and R&D performance.

  • 11-April-2016

    English

    Protecting Consumers through Behavioural Insights - Regulating the Communications Market in Colombia

    This innovative book combines results from research conducted in Colombia about how communications services consumers make consumption choices with OECD expertise in regulatory policy, behavioural economics, and data analytics, in order to help improve the consumer protection regime in Colombia. It focuses on the types of incentives that should be provided to change both provider and user behaviour, and considers where appropriate regulatory interventions may be needed to ensure that these incentives are realised. This work supports the Communications Regulator of Colombia in redesigning its consumer protection regime. This effort has refocused the regulatory framework from “protecting rights” towards making the market function best; this involves encouraging the providers to improve the quality of their services and rates offered in the market and to foster a better understanding of what is being offered and how. The book also makes specific recommendations on possible follow-up experiments to test some of the possible solutions to help communications services consumers better understand the information provided by service operators.

  • 6-avril-2016

    Français

    Pratiques de gestion des exploitations agricoles favorisant la croissance verte

    Ce rapport examine les pratiques de gestion des exploitations propices à la croissance verte, aussi bien les innovations menées par les agriculteurs (comme celles qui sont liées aux sols et à l’eau, la lutte intégrée contre les ennemis des cultures, l’agriculture biologique) que les technologies axées sur la science (comme les biotechnologies et l’agriculture de précision). La demande alimentaire mondiale pourra être satisfaite de façon durable uniquement si de nouvelles formes de production agricole et des technologies innovatrices peuvent être découvertes pour augmenter la productivité, la stabilité et la résilience des systèmes de production en ayant non seulement pour objectif d’augmenter les rendements mais aussi d’économiser l’eau et l’énergie, réduire les risques, améliorer la qualité des produits, protéger l’environnement et atténuer le changement climatique.

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